JUDO 

WELCOME MAT JUDO JUJITSU SAMBO
Jigoro Kano, Founder of Kodokan Judo
 
     Jigoro Kano’s influence in the development of the martial arts makes him one of the most significant leaders in martial arts history, not only in Japan, but anywhere.
     Jigoro Kano founded Kodokan Judo and in 1882 opened the first Kodokan at the Eisho temple in Tokyo, Japan.  From this humble start, judo has grown to an activity practiced by millions all over the world.
     Jigoro Kano was born on October 28, 1860 in Mikage, Japan and died while on a ship during a world tour on May 4, 1938.  He was an influential figure in Japanese sport, education and politics.  Prof. Kano was one of the founders of the Japanese Olympic Committee and lobbied to get judo accepted as an Olympic sport.  He was also influential in Japanese education and through his work, judo became part of the public school physical education program.  
     Kano worked hard and reorganized the leading jujutsu schools of Japan, eventually incorporating them into his Kodokan Judo and prevented them from becoming just an historical footnote in Japanese history.  He initiated a structured and educational approach to the study of jujutsu, which had not been done previously.
     Jigoro Kano was the innovator of many things we do today in many martial arts.  He developed the system of ukemi (breakfalls) so that students could practice safely and with confidence.  He developed the first modern judogi (judo training uniform).  Before Kano standardized the judogi in about 1906, there was no standard garment worn by participants.  He renamed and reclassified many techniques and skills so that the names made sense and described the movement being done.  Up to that time, there was no standard terminology used and each ryuha (system) used its own creating much confusion.  It was Prof. Kano who developed the belt rank system, which is still used today.  These are some of the innovations Jigoro Kano made.
     It was through Prof. Kano’s work that Japan became part of the International Olympic Committee.  Eventually, judo was added to the list of sports in the Olympic Games as a demonstration in 1964 and as a fully-accepted sport in 1972.  Kano was also an innovator in the concept of physical education, as there had been little work or research done in this area before, especially in Japan.  Through his efforts, judo and kendo were made part of the middle-school curriculum in Japanese public schools in 1908.
     Jigoro Kano’s influence was to such an extent that he assisted both Morihei Uyeshiba in his fledgling aikido and Giichen Funakoshi in his new karate by giving them training accommodations at the Kodokan Institute.  It was Kano’s influence that helped these martial arts gain credibility in Japan during the early part of the 20th century.
     Jigoro Kano is one of the most significant and influential people in the history of martial arts and his influence continues today.
 
This statue of Jigoro Kano is located at the entrance of the Kodokan Judo Institute in Tokyo, Japan.
                
JUDO SKILLS ENCOMPASS A WIDE VARIETY OF MOVEMENT
Judo is more than simply throws as some people might believe.  Through the long history of judo, it has been the leading innovative spark that has led to the development of such diverse grappling activities and sports as Russian Sambo, Brazilian JiuJitsu, Shingitai Jujitsu, the many forms of submission grappling and wrestling practiced worldwide and a variety of other grappling and combat sports.  The one thing all of these combat sports and martial arts have in common is that Kodokan Judo was the root martial art of all of them.  So when someone tells you "Judo is only throwing" it's incorrect.  Judo encompasses a wide and innovative variety of technical skills. These photos show the many aspects of Kodokan Judo, including throws, pins, chokes and armlocks.
 
 
 
 
 
 
SKILL SYLLABUS AND RANK REQUIREMENTS 
WELCOME MAT JUDO CLUB
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION (JBBA) MUDANSHA SYLLABUS
(KYU RANKS UNDER BLACK BELT)
 
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
    The purpose of this syllabus is to provide a fundamentally sound basis of passing knowledge, skill and ability in Kodokan Judo to anyone who wishes to learn.  The color of one’s belt or accumulation of rank is of less importance than the skill one possesses. Ability is more important than belt rank, but belt rank is a useful tool as a method of external motivation in learning. This syllabus can also serve as an organized plan of learning technical skills in judo.  The “base line” of this syllabus is Shodan. All skills in this syllabus culminate in the fundamental knowledge required of a Shodan.
 
RANK LEVELS
    The Judo Black Belt Association (JBBA) use the following system for rank promotions in judo.
 
Rank     Name      Belt (16-older)       Belt (15-under)
 
Mudansha (Ungraded)
7 ClassShichikyu  White   White  (Rank assigned to novices when starting.)
6 Class   Rokkyu  Yellow  Yellow
5 Class  Gokyu     Green  Orange
4 Class  Yonkyu   Blue     Green
4 Class Yonkyu    Blue     Blue (This is Advanced Yonkyu.)
3 Class  Sankyu   Brown*         Blue
2 Class  Nikyu      Brown  Purple
1 Class Ikkyu               Brown   Brown
 
*Exceptional judoka may be promoted to Senior Sankyu at the minimum age of 14 years old or a freshman in high school.
 
Yudansha (Graded)
1 Grade   Shodan  Black       Minimum age for Shodan is 16 years old.
2 Grade   Nidan    BlackMinimum age for Nidan is 18 years old.
3 Grade  Sandan   BlackMinimum age for Sandan is 22 years old.
4 Grade Yondan    BlackMinimum age for Yondan is 26 years old.
5 Grade  Godan    BlackMinimum age for Godan is 35 years old.
6 Grade  Rokudan BlackMinimum age for Rokudan is 40 years old.
7 Grade  Shichidan Black      Minimum age for Shichidan is 48 years old.
8 Grade  Hachidan  Black      Minimum age for Hachidan is 52 years old.
9 Grade Kudan      Black
10 Grade Judan     Black
 
 
TIME IN GRADE AND SKIP PROMOTIONS
 
    TIME IN GRADE: Time in grade refers to the active time a judoka spends at a specific rank level. Being away from judo does not count as time in grade.  An example is if someone earns his Shodan, and then stops practicing or even being involved with the sport of judo, this person is not active and the time he is away from active participation in judo or judo activities does not count toward “time in grade” for his next promotion.  If a person can’t physically practice judo for some reason, but stays involved as a referee, helper at tournaments, coach or active supporter, then he is considered active.
    Time in grade is important for the development of the judoka.  It takes time and a lot of hard work during that time to mature, gain confidence and develop the technical ability to progress on to the next rank level.
 
    SKIP PROMOTIONS:  A “skip promotion” takes place when a judoka passes over of skips one or more ranks.  In other words, being promoted from Shodan to Sandan and skipping Nidan or being promoted from Nikyu to Shodan and skipping over Ikkyu.  Under no circumstances will skip promotions be allowed or used.
   
 
ROKKYU (6th Class Yellow Belt)
Purpose of Rank:  Introduce student to the fundamental skills and theories of Kodokan Judo.
There are three (3) elements required for promotions. They are; (1) Demonstrate functional technical skill. (2) Time-In-Grade. (3) Active participation on the mat as a student of judo.
 
GENERAL
MEMBER OF JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION.
EXCELLENT CLASS ATTENDANCE.
GOOD WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY USED IN JUDO. 
BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY OF KODOKAN JUDO.
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM WHITE BELT TO YELLOW BELT IS 4 TO 6 MONTHS.
PERFORM ALL SKILLS ON A LEVEL OF AT LEAST A “7” BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 TO 10.
 
GENERAL SKILLS
GOOD ABILITY AT GRIP FIGHTING. 
UNDERSTANDS AND USES GOOD POSTURE AND FOOTWORK. 
ACTIVELY PARTICIPATES IN RANDORI.  
GOOD ABILITY AT HIP BLOCKS AND DEFENSES AGAINST THROWS.
DEMONSTRATE FUNCTIONAL ABILITY AT ALL UKEMI (BREAKFALLS).
DEMONSTRATE BASIC SKILL AT UCHIKOMI.
 
NAGE WAZA-THROWING TECHNIQUES
O SOTO GARI-MAJOR OUTER REAP
KOSHI GURUMA-HIP WHEEL
OGOSHI-MAJOR HIP THROW
IPPON SEOI NAGE-I ARM SHOLDER THROW
 
KANSETSU WAZA-JOINT (ARMLOCK) TECHNIQUES
SPINNING JUJI GATAME-CROSS-BODY ARMLOCK
DEMONSTRATE ANY THROW AND FOLLOW THROUGH TO JUJI GATAME.
DEMONSTRATE ONE ARM LOVER FOR JUJI GATAME.
DEMONSTRATE STEAL ARM/SHOLDER DEFENSE AGAINST JUJI GATAME.
 
OSAEKOMI WAZA-HOLDING TECHNIQUES
MUNE GATAME-CHEST HOLD
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE BREAKDOWN TO MUNE GATAME.
DEMONSTRATE ANY THROW AND FOLLOW THROUGH TO MUNE GATAME.
DEMONSTATE SHRIMP ESCAPE AGAINST MUNE GATAME.
KESA GATAME
DEMOSNTRATE AT LEAST ONE BREAKDOWN TO KESA GATAME.
DEMONSTRATE ANY THROW AND FOLLOW THROUGH TO KESA GATAME.
DEMONSTRATE BRIDGE AND ROLL ESCAPE AGAINST KESA GATAME.
 
SHIME WAZA-STRANGLING TECHNIQUES
HADAKA JIME-NAKED CHOKE/STRANGLE (SQUARE GRIP)
HADAKA JIME (FIGURE FOUR GRIP)
FRONT HADAKA JIME (GUILLOTINE)
 
DEMONSTRATE TWO (2) GUARD PASSES AND TWO (2) GUARD SWEEPS.
DEMONSTATE A GOOD UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONCEPT OF POSITION AND DEMOSNTATE HOW TO CONTROL OPPONENT BEFORE APPLYING A BREAKDOWN OR APPLICATION FOR OSAEKOMI, SHIME WAZA OR KANSETSU WAZA.
 
ADDITIONAL
Applicant must know the following basic Japanese terminology:
DOJO-TRAINING HALL
SENSEI-TEACHER OR COACH
TATAMI-MAT
UKEMI-BREAKFALLS
JUDOGI-JUDO UNIFORM
RANDORI-FREE PRACTICE
JUDO-COMMON NAME OF KODOKAN JUDO, FOUNDED BY PROF. JIGORO KANO IN 1882.
JUJITSU (JUJUTSU)-NATIVE MARTIAL ART OF JAPAN THAT IS THE FORERUNNER OF KODOKAN JUDO.
 
 
 
 
 
GOKYU (5th Class Green Belt)
Purpose of Rank:  Functional skill and technical theory of Kodokan Judo is the purpose of this rank. The student will broaden his or her skill and technical ability as well as understanding of why and how judo works.
There are three (3) elements required for promotions. They are; (1) Demonstrate functional technical skill. (2) Time-In-Grade. (3) Active participation on the mat as a student of judo.
 
GENERAL 
MEMBER OF JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION.
EXCELLENT CLASS ATTENDANCE.
GOOD WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY USED IN JUDO. 
BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY OF KODOKAN JUDO.
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM WHITE BELT TO GREEN BELT IS 6 MONTHS.
PERFORM ALL SKILLS ON A LEVEL OF AT LEAST A “7” BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 TO 10.
 
GENERAL SKILLS
GOOD ABILITY AT GRIP FIGHTING. 
UNDERSTANDS AND USES GOOD POSTURE AND FOOTWORK. 
ACTIVELY PARTICIPATES IN RANDORI.  
GOOD ABILITY AT HIP BLOCKS AND DEFENSES AGAINST THROWS.
DEMONSTRATE FUNCTIONAL ABILITY AT ALL UKEMI (BREAKFALLS).
DEMONSTRATE IMPROVED SKILL AT UCHIKOMI.
DEMENOSTATE A BASIC SKILL LEVEL AT BUTSUKARI.
KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UCHI KOMI AND BUTSUKARI.
DEMONSTRATE BASIC SKILL AT FOOTWORK AND BODY MOVEMENT.
DEMONSTATE A BASIC LEVEL OF SKILL THE HIP BLOCK AND CUT-AWAY DEFENSE AGASINT A THROW.
 
NAGE WAZA-THROWING TECHNIQUES
DE ASHI BARAI-ADVANCING FOOT SWEEP
ASHI DORI-SINGLE LEG GRAB
TSURI GOSHI-LIFTING HIP THROW
O UCHI GARI-MAJOR INNER REAP
MOROTE SEOI NAGE-BOTH HANDS SHOULDER THROW
ERI SEOI NAGE-LAPEL SHOULDER THROW
KNEE DROP SEOI NAGE-KNEE DROP SHOULDER THROW
TAI OTOSHI-BODY DROP
MOROTE GARI-BOTH HANDS REAP
 
KANSETSU WAZA-JOINT (ARMLOCK) TECHNIQUES
BACK ROLL JUJI GATAME
HIP ROLL JUJI GATAME
HEAD ROLL JUJI GATAME
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST TWO (2) LEVERS TO APPLY JUJI GATAME.
BASIC APPLICATION OF UDE GARAMI (UPWARD DIRECTION)
BASIC APPLICATION OF UDE GARAMI (DOWNWARD DIRECTION)
 
OSAEKOMI WAZA-HOLDING TECHNIQUES
YOKO SHIHO GATAME-SIDE FOUR-CORNER HOLD
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE BREAKDOWN TO YOKO SHIHO GATAME.
DEMOSTRATE SHRIMP ESCAPE AGAINST YOKO SHIHO GATAME
KATA GATAME-SHOULDER HOLD
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE BREAKDOWN TO KATA GATAME
DEMONSTRATE TRANSITION FROM KATA GATAME TO KATA JIME.
 
SHIME WAZA-STRANGLING TECHNIQUES
DEMONSTATE THE FOLLOWING SHIME WAZA FROM THE BASIC POSITON AND AT LEAST ONE ROLL, BREAKDOWN OR SET-UP IN A FUNCTIONAL APPLICATION
KATA JIME-SHOULDER CHOKE
JUJI JIME-CROSS STRANGLE (NAMI, KATA AND GYAKU VARITATONS) FROM BOTH THE BOTTOM POSITON AND TOP POSITION
OKURI ERI JIME-SLIDING LAPEL STRANGLE (BASIC APPLICATION) 
ROLLING OKURI ERI JIME
KATA ERI JIME-SINGLE WING STRANGLE (BASIC APPLICATION)
ROLLING KATA HA JIME
 
 
DEMONSTRATE FOUR (4) GUARD PASSES AND FOUR (4) GUARD SWEEPS.
DEMONSTATE A GOOD UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONCEPT OF POSITION AND DEMOSNTATE HOW TO CONTROL OPPONENT BEFORE APPLYING A BREAKDOWN OR APPLICATION FOR OSAEKOMI, SHIME WAZA OR KANSETSU WAZA
 
ADDITIONAL
Applicant must know the following basic Japanese terminology:
HAJIME-START OR BEGIN
MATE-STOP OR BREAK IN THE ACTION
KUMI KATA-NATURAL OR BASIC GRIP
UCHIKOMI-REPETITIVE PRACTICE
SHIAI-TOURNAMENT OR CONTEST
KIYOSUKE-“ATTENTION” CALLED BY COACH OR SENIOR STUDENT
REI-BOW
IPPON-FULL POINT IN A JUDO MATCH
WAZA-ARI-ALMOST A FULL POINT IN A JUDO MATCH
YUKO-ALMOST A WAZA-ARI IN A JUDO MATCH
 
 
YONKYU (4th Class Blue Belt)
Purpose of Rank:  Yonkyu is a time when the student prepares for the brown belt level of expertise and the emphasis is one a further development of technical and theoretical understanding of Kodokan Judo as well as the ethical standards of Kodokan Judo.
There are three (3) elements required for promotions. They are; (1) Demonstrate functional technical skill. (2) Time-In-Grade. (3) Active participation on the mat as a student of judo.
 
GENERAL 
DEMONSTRATE IMPROVED SKILL AT BUTUSUKARI.
KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UCHIKOMI AND BUTSUKARI.
DEMONSTRATE:
KUZUSHI-UNBALANCING OF OPPONENT (WITH EMPHASIS ON GOOD MOVEMENT)
TSUKURI-FITTING INTO THE TECHNIQUE
KAKE-EXECUTIN OF THROW
KIME-FOLLOW THROUGH
 
NAGE WAZA-THROWING TECHNIQUES
TSURIKOMI GOSHI-LIFTING PULLING HIP THROW
UCHI MATA-INNER THIGH THROW
HARAI GOSHISWEEPING HIP THROW
KO UCHI GAKE-MINOR INNER HOOK
KATA GURUMA-SHOULDER WHEEL
URA NAGE-REAR THROW
 
KANSETSU WAZA/JOINT (ARMLOCK) TECHNIQUES
UDE GARAMI-ARM ENTANGLEMENT (BENT ARMLOCK) FROM THE BOTTOM
UDE GARAMI AS A FOLLOW THROUGH FROM A THROWING TECHNIQUE
DEMONSTRATE UDE GARAMI FROM APPLICANT’S CHOICE OF POSITION.
 
OSAEKOMI WAZA-HOLDING TECHNIQUES
KAMI SHIHO GATAME-UPPER FOUR-CORNER HOLD
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE BREAKDOWN TO KAMI SHIHO GATAME
DEMONSTRATE ESCAPE FROM KAMI SHIHO GATAME.
DEMONSTRATE KAMI SHIHO GATAME TO AN ARMLOCK OF APPLICANT’S CHOICE.
TATE SHIHO GATAME-VERTICAL FOUR-CORNER HOLD
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE BREAKDOWN TO TATE SHIHO GATAME
DEMONSTRATE ESCAPE ONE BREAKDOWN FROM TATE SHIHO GATAME
DEMONSTRATE TATE SHIHO GATAME TO AN ARMLOCK OF APPLICANT’S CHOICE
 
SHIME WAZA-STRANGLING TECHNIQUES
WANA JIME-TRAP CHOKE
KARAMI JIME-WRAPPING CHOKE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE “GLAHN SPECIAL”)
SANKAKU JIME-TRIANGLE CHOKE FROM BOTTOM (GUARD) POSITION
JIGOKU JIME-HELL STRANGLE
 
DEMONSTRATE FOUR (4) GUARD PASSES AND FOUR (4) GUARD SWEEPS.
DEMONSTATE A GOOD UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONCEPT OF POSITION AND DEMOSNTATE HOW TO CONTROL OPPONENT BEFORE APPLYING A BREAKDOWN OR APPLICATION FOR OSAEKOMI, SHIME WAZA OR KANSETSU WAZA
 
ADDITIONAL
 
Applicant must know the following basic Japanese terminology:
KODOKAN JUDO-KODOKAN MEANS “SCHOOL TO LEARN THE WAY” AND JUDO IMPLIES FUNCTIONAL OR ADAPTABLE PHILOPSOHY OR WAY. THE WORD “JUDO” IS ALSO OFTEN TRANSLATED TO MEAN “GENTLE WAY.”
NEWAZA-GENERAL TERM FOR GRAPPLING TECHNIQUES
BUTSUKARI-ANOTHER NAME FOR UCHIKOMI, BUT THE EMPHASIS IS ON FOOT SPEED
KUZUSHI-UNBALANCING AND CONTROLLING THE BALANCE OF AN OPPONENT
TSUKURI-FITTING INTO A TECHNIQUE
KAKE-EXECUTION OF TECHNIQUE
KIME-THE FOLLOW THROUGH OR FINISH TO THE TECHNIQUE
OBI-BELT
UWAGI-JACKET
ZUBON-PANTS
 
 ADVANCED YONKYU (4th class Blue Belt)
 
This rank is a continuation of Yonkyu with the primary purpose of preparing the student fo rthe rank of Sankyu. A minimum of one (1) year time in grade is required since the student's initial promotion to Yonkyu. The applicant must demonstrate a more advanced level of skill on all Yonkyu requirements, performing all skills on a level of 8 or 9 on a scale with 10 being the best.
 
SANKYU (3rd Class Brown Belt) SYLLABUS    
NIKYU (2nd Class Brown Belt) SYLLABUS
IKKYU (1st Class Brown Belt) SYLLABUS
 
Purpose of Rank for All Brown Belts:  The purpose of the brown belt ranks is to prepare the student for the rank of Shodan. Students wearing a brown belt are no longer novices and are at an intermediate level. The brown belt ranks place a strong emphasis on technical excellence in all phases of fundamental skill development. Also, a broader understanding and appreciation on the philosophy, history and use of terminology in Kodokan Judo is emphasized in the brown belt ranks.
There are three (3) elements required for promotions. They are; (1) Demonstrate functional technical skill. (2) Time-In-Grade. (3) Active as a competitive athlete, and if this is not possible, active as an assistant coach, referee, or volunteer.
 
TIME IN GRADE
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM YONKYU (BLUE BELT) TO SANKYU IS ONE (1) YEAR.
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM SANKYU TO NIKYU IS ONE (1) ADDITIONAL YEAR.
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM NIKYU TO IKKYU IS ONE (1) ADDITIONAL YEAR.
(Applicant will serve as a Sankyu for one year at the minimum. After his/her promotion to Nikyu, he will serve another year (at the minimum) at this rank. Upon his promotion to Ikkyu, he will serve a minimum of one additional year before he is eligible for promotion to Shodan.)
 
GENERAL 
MINIMUM AGE FOR SANKYU OF 14 YEARS OLD OR FRESHMAN IN HIGH SCHOOL
MINIMUM AGE FOR NIKYU IS 15 YEARS OLD
MINIMUM AGE FOR IKKYU IS 15 YEARS OLD
ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE JBBA         
EXCELLENT CLASS ATTENDANCE
ASSIST WITH NEW STUDENTS TAKING AN ACTIVE ROLE IS ASSISTING THE HEAD COACH WITH TEACHING NEW STUDENTS.
GOOD WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY USED IN JUDO.  
BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY OF WELCOME MAT, KODOKAN JUDO
PROMOTION TIME IN GRADE
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM YONKYU TO SANKYU IS ONE (1) YEAR.
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM SANKYU TO NIKYU IS ONE (1) YEAR.
MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE FROM NIKYU TO IKKYU IS ONE (1) YEAR.
PERFORM ALL SKILLS ON A LEVEL OF AT LEAST “7” BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 TO 10 FOR SANKYU.
PERFORM ALL SKILLS ON A LEVEL OF AT LEAST  “8” BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 TO 10 FOR NIKYU.
PERFORM ALL SKILLS ON A LEVEL OF AT LEAST “10” BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 TO 10 FOR IKKYU.  
 
GENERAL SKILLS
VERY GOOD ABILITY AT GRIP FIGHTING
UNDERSTANDS AND USES GOOD POSTURE AND FOOTWORK. 
ACTIVELY PARTICIPATES IN RANDORI.  
GOOD ABILITY AT HIP BLOCKS AND DEFENSES AGAINST THROWS.
EXCELLENT ABILITY AT ALL UKEMI (BREAKFALLS).
DEMONSTRATE EXCELLENT SKILL AT UCHIKOMI.
DEMONSTRATE EXCELLENT SKILL AT BUTUSUKARI.
KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UCHIKOMI AND BUTSUKARI.
 
NAGE WAZA (THROWING TECHNIQUES)
O SOTO GARI-MAJOR OUTER REAP
CROSS-BODY O SOTO GARI
TSURI GOSHI-LIFTING HIP THROW
TSURIKOMI GOSHI-LIFT PULL HIP THROW
OGOSHI-MAJOR HIP THROW 
KOSHI GURUMA-HIP WHEEL
IPPON SEOI NAGE-1 ARM SHOULDER THROW
MOROTE SEOI NAGE-BOTH HAND SHOULDER THROW
KNEE DROP IPPON SEOI NAGE
KNEE DROP MOROTE SEOI NAGE
HARAI GOSHI-SWEEPING HIP THROW
UCHI MATA-INNER THIGH THROW
TAI OTOSHI-BODY DROP 
OKURI ASHI BARAI-SLIDING FOOT SWEEP 
ASHI DORI-SINGLE LEG GRAB
MOROTE GARI-BOTH HAND REAP 
URA NAGE-REAR THROW 
O UCHI GARI-MAJOR INNER REAP
KO UCHI GARI-MINOR INNER REAP
KO UCHI GAKE-MINOR INNER HOOK
TOMOE NAGE-CIRCLE THROW
 
FUSEGI-DEFENSE
HIP BLOCK (AND CUT AWAY) DEFENSE
HOP AROUND DEFENSE
SPRAWL DEFENSE
HAND BLOCK DEFENSE
 
GRIP FIGHTING
DEMONSTRATE INCREASING IMPROVED ABILITY AT GRIP FIGHTING AS STUDENT ADVANCES IN BROWN BELT RANKS.
 
RENRAKU WAZA-CONTINUATION TECHNIQUES
DEMONSTRATE A LEG ATTACK TO A FORWARD THROW
DEMONSTRATE A FORWARD ATTACK TO A LEG ATTACK
DEMONSTRATE A REAR ATTACK TO A FORWARD ATTACK
DEMONSTRATE A FORWARD ATTACK TO A REAR ATTACK
 
KAESHI WAZA–COUNTER TECHNIQUES
DEMONSTRATE A COUNTER TO A FORWARD ATTACK
DEMONSTRATE A COUNTER TO A REAR ATTACK
 
TRANSITION FROM THROW TO GROUNDFIGHTING
DEMONSTRATE THROW TO PIN
DEMONSTRATE THROW TO ARMLOCK
 
OSAEKOMI WAZA (HOLDING OR IMMOBILIZATION TECHNIQUES)
MUNE GATAME-CHEST HOLD (AND 1 VARIATION)
YOKO SHIHO GATAME-SIDE 4-CORNER HOLD (AND 1 VARIATION)
KAMI SHIHO GATAME-UPPER 4-CORNER HOLD (AND 1 VARIATION)
TATE SHIHO GATAME-VERTICAL 4-CORNER HOLD (AND 1 VARIATION)
KESA GATAME-SCARF HOLD (AND 1 VARIATION)
KATA GATAME-SHOULDER HOLD (AND 1 VARIATION)
 
BREAKDOWN TO OSAEKOMI WAZA
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE (1) EFFECTIVE BREAKDOWN PUTTING UKE ON HIS BACK FOR EACH OSAEKOMI WAZA LISTED ABOVE.
 
GUARD PASS TO OSAEKOMI WAZA
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE (1) GUARD PASS LEADING TO A PIN FOR EACH OSAEKOMI WAZA LISTED.
 
GUARD ROLLOVER OR SWEEP TO OSAEKOMI WAZA
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST ONE (1) ROLLOVER OR SWEEP FROM THE BOTTOM GUARD POSITION FOR EACH OSAEKOMI WAZA LISTED.
 
NOGARE KATA-ESCAPE TECHNIQUES
SHRIMP AND PULL OPPONENT TO GUARD ESCAPE
 
BRIDGE AND ROLL ESCAPE
LEG SCISSORS ESCAPE
KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN ‘ACTIVE ESCAPE” AND A “PASSIVE ESCAPE” 
 
POSITION AND CONTROL
DEMONSTRATE THE “WRESTLER’S RIDE”
DEMONSTRATE THE RODEO RIDE AND FLATTEN OPPONENT
DEMONSTRATE THE RODEO RIDE AND ROLL OPPONENT
DEMONSTRATE A “GO BEHIND” AND ESTABLISH A RIDE
 
BREAKDOWNS
FAR ARM-NEAR LEG
BOTH ELBOWS BREAKDOWN
BOTH KNEES BREAKDOWN
BELT AND NELSON (OPPONENT ON ALL FOURS)
BELT AND NELSON (OPPONENT FLAT)
JUDO STACK (OPPONENT FLAT)
JUDO STACK (OPPONENT ON ALL FOURS)
JUDO SWITCH (FROM BOTTOM TO TOP POSITION)
PETERSON ROLL
SODEN ROLL
BURNS BREAKDOWN
 
KANSETSU WAZA (JOINT LOCKING TECHNIQUES)
There are four (4) Primary Armlocks. They are; 1-Udehishigi Juji Gatame (commonly called Juji Gatame)-the Cross-body Armlock, 2-Ude Garami-Arm Entanglement (commonly called the Bent Armlock), 3-Waki Gatame-the Armpit Lock, and 4-Ude Gatame-Arm Lock (commonly called the Straight Armlock). The two (2) most common armlocks (Juji gatame and Ude Garami) will be emphasized for Sankyu. As the student advances to Nikyu and Ikkyu, he will be expected to learn the other 2 primary armlocks of Waki Gatame and Ude Gatame.
 
JUJI GATAME-CROSS BODY ARMLOCK
SPINNING JUJI GATAME
BACK ROLL JUJI GATAME (DEMONSTRATE AS THE “SPIN AND STRETCH)
HIP ROLL JUJI GATAME
HEAD ROLL JUJI GATAME
 
LEG PRESS POSITION
DEMONSTRATE THE LEG PRESS POSITION WITH EXCELLENT SKILL
DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST TWO (2) LEVERS TO PRY OPPONENT’S ARM FREE FOR JUJI GATAME FROM THE LEG PRESS POSITION.
DEFENSE FOR JUJI GATAME-DEMONSTRATE GRABBING ARMS DEFENSE WHEN ON THE BOTTOM IN THE LEG PRESS POSTION.
DEFENSE FOR JUJI GATAME-DEMONSTRATE “STEAL YOUR SHOULDER” DEFENSE WHEN ON THE BOTTOM IN THE LEG PRESS POSITION.
DEMONSTRATE FROM THE LEG PRESS POSITON-JUJI GATAME TO A PIN OF YOUR CHOICE.
 
TRANSITIONS
TRANSITION FROM OSAEKOMI WAZA TO KANSETSU WAZA
DEMONSTRATE A PIN TO AN ARMLOCK TRANSITION
DEMONSTRATE AN ARMLOCK TO A PIN TRANSITION
DEMONSTRATE A TRANSITION (STUDENT’S CHOICE) FROM ONE ARMLOCK TO ANOTHER ARMLOCK (EXAMPLE-JUJI GATAME TO ANOTHER JUJI GATAME OR UDE GARAMI TO JUJI GATAME).
DEMONSTRATE “DOUBLE TROUBLE” WITH OMOTE (FRONT) SANKAKU JIME AND JUJI GATAME FROM THE BOTTOM GUARD POSITION
 
UDE GARAMI-ARM ENTANGLEMENT
DEMONSTRATE BASIC UPWARD POSITION FROM A PIN
DEMONSTRATE BASIC DOWNWARD POSITON FROM A PIN
DEMONSTRATE UDE GARAMI FROM THE BOTTOM (GUARD) POSITION
DEMONSTRATE TRANSITON FROM UDE GARAMI TO JUJI GATAME
DEMONSTRATE UDE GARAMI WHEN OPPONENT IS FLAT ON HIS FRONT (DEMONSTRATE FIGURE FOUR CONTROL OF OPPONENT’S ARM AND SECURE THE ARMLOCK)
DEMONSTRATE UDE GARAMI WHEN YOU HAVE OPPONENT IS SIDE SANKAKU POSITION (DOUBLE TROUBLE)
 
The following are required for Nikyu.
WAKI GATAME-ARMPIT LOCK (BASIC APPLICATION) FROM A WRESTLER’S RIDE OR BEHIND UKE.
WAKI GATAME FROM THE TOP POSITION 
ROLLING ESCAPE FROM WAKI GATAME.
 
 
The following are required for Ikkyu.
UDE GATAME-STRAIGHT ARMLOCK (BASIC APPLICATION WITH BOTH HANDS ON UKE’S ELBOW)
UDE GATAME-STRAIGHT ARMLOCK (BASIC APPLICATION WITH FIGURE FOUR HOLD ON UKE’S ELBOW)
 
 
RENRAKU WAZA-COMBINATION TECHNIQUES
DEMOSNTRATE KESA GATAME TO UDE GARAMI
DEMONSTRATE TATE SHIHO GATAME TO UDE GARAMI
 
FUSEGI-DEFENSE
DEMONSTRATE GRABBING YOUR BELT DEFENSE FOR UDE GARAMI.
DEMONSTRATE “HEAD WEDGE” DEFENSE FOR UDE GARAMI
 
 
 
SHIME WAZA (STRANGLING OR CONTRICTION TECHNIQUES)
HADAKA JIME-NAKED CHOKE (SQUARE GRIP) FLATTEN OPPONENT AND APPLY STRANGLE
HADAKA JIME-NAKED CHOKE (SQUARE GRIP) ROLL OPPONENT AND APPLY STRANGLE
HADAK JIME-NAKE CHOKE (FIGURE FOUR GRIP) FLATTEN OPPONENT AND APPLY STRANGLE
HADAKA JIME-NAKED CHOKE (FIGURE FOUR GRIP) ROLL OPPONENT AND APPLY STRANGLE
URA HADAKA JIME-NAKED CHOKE FROM TOP (GUILLOTINE) POSITION
JUJI JIME-CROSS STRANGLE (FROM TOP)
JUJI JIME-CROSS STRANGLE (FROM BOTTOM)
WANA JIME-TRAP CHOKE
OKURI ERI JIME-SLIDING LAPEL STRANGLE (DEMONSTRATE BASIC APPLICATION)
OKURI ERI JIME-SLIDING LAPEL STRANGE (ROLL OPPONENT AND APPLY STRANGLE)
KATA HA JIME-SINGLE WING STRANGLE (DEMONSTRATE BASIC APPLICATION)
1-DEMONSTRATE “SLICING” WITH YOUR ARM AGAINST THE BACK OF OPPONENT’S HEAD AND NECK 
2-DEMONSTRATE TRAPPING AND EXTENDING OPPONENT’S ARM
3-DEMONSTRATE THE “NEAR WRIST” CONTROL AND APPLY KATA HA JIME
KATA HA JIME-SINGLE WING STRANGLE (ROLL OPPONENT AND APPLY STRANGLE)
KARAMI JIME-ENTANGLING STRANGLE (“GLAHN SPECIAL”) WHEN OPPONENT IS ON ALL FOURS
KARAMI JIME-ENTANGLING STRANGLE (“GLAHN SPECIAL”) WHEN OPPONENT IS FLAT ON FRONT
KATA JIME-SHOULDER STRANGLE 
SANKAKU JIME (OMOTE) FRONT TRIANGLE STRANGLE (FROM THE BOTTOM GUARD POSITION)
SANKAKU JIME (YOKO) SIDE TRIANGLE STRANGLE 
 
RENRAKU WAZA-COMBINATIONS
DEMONSTRATE JUJI JIME FROM THE FRONT BOTTOM GUARD POSITION TO JUJI GATAME
DEMONSTRATE OKURI ERI JIME TO JUJI GATAME WHEN YOU ARE BEHIND OPPONENT IN THE SEATED RODEO RIDE
DEMONSTRATE YOKO SANKAKU JIME TO UDE GARAMI (DOUBLE TROUBLE)
DEMONSTRATE OMOTE SANKAKU JIME AND JUJI GATAME FROM THE BOTTOM GUARD POSITION (DOUBLE TROUBLE)
 
FUSEGI-DEFENSE
DEMONSTRATE TUCKING CHIN DEFENSE
DEMOSNTRATE HOLDING LAPELS DEFENSE
DEMONSTRATE HAND FIGHTING AND CONTROLLING OPPONENT’S HANDS DEFENSE
DEMONSTRATE HOW TO SHUCK OPPONENT OVER YOUR HEAD IF HE HAS YOUR BACK
DEMONSTRATE A “BREAK OPEN” DEFENSE AGAINST FRONT SANKAKU JIME
DEMONSTRATE A “BREAK OPEN” DEFENSE AGAINST SIDE SANKAKU JIME
 
CONTROLLING OPPONENT FOR SHIME WAZA
DEMONSTRATE LEG CONTROL AND “LEG WRESTLING” TO CONTROL OPPONENT AND THE CONCEPT OF THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTROLLING OPPONENT’S BODY 
DEMONSTRATE HOW YOUR HANDS WORK INDEPENDENTLY, YET TOGETHER TO CONTROL OPPONENT’S LAPELS, HANDS AND ARMS
 
ADDITIONAL 
Applicant must know the following basic Japanese terminology:
YUDANSHA-RANKS OF BLACK BELT 
MUDANSHA-RANKS BELOW BLACK BELT
 
The following consist of the 3 phases of judo training:
KATA-STRUCTURED TRAINING OR FORM
RANDORI-FREE PRACTICE
SHIAI-CONTEST
 
NAGE WAZA-THROWING TECHNIQUES
KATAME WAZA-GRAPPLING TECHNIQUES
ATEMI WAZA-STRIKING TECHNIQUES
OSAEKOMI WAZA-PINNING TECHNIQUES
SHIME WAZA-STRANGLING TECHNIQUES
KANSETSU WAZA-JOINT TECHNIQUES
NAGEKOMI-THROWING PRACTICE
TORI-PERSON APPLYING TECHNIQUE
UKE-PERSON HAVING TECHNIQUE APPLIED ON HIM
 
 
 
 
 
 
JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION (JBBA) YUDANSHA SYLLABUS
(DAN GRADES OF BLACK BELT)
 
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
    The purpose of this syllabus is to provide a fundamentally sound basis of passing knowledge, skill and ability in Kodokan Judo to anyone who wishes to learn.  The color of one’s belt or accumulation of rank is of less importance than the skill one possesses. Ability is more important than belt rank, but belt rank is a useful tool as a method of external motivation in learning. This syllabus can also serve as an organized plan of learning technical skills in judo.  The “base line” of this syllabus is Shodan. All skills in this syllabus culminate in the fundamental knowledge required of a Shodan.
 
IMPORTANT: Effective Jan. 1, 2013, all applicants wishing to be promoted to judo ranks of Shodan and above must be examined by the Welcome Mat JBBA Promotion Board. The Promotion Board will convene at least twice per year (once in the Spring and once in the Fall) for the purposes of conducting examinations for the ranks of Shodan and above.  All applicants must be recommended for promotion to the JBBA Promotion Board by his or her individual coach or instructor.
 
 
SHODAN (1st Grade Black Belt)
    Earning a black belt in judo is similar to graduating from a good high school.  One has learned the fundamental skills and can perform them in a functional, realistic way.  This Shodan Syllabus is designed so that the person who earns the rank of Shodan has a solid foundation and can further his skills and abilities in judo.  Shodan means “Initial Grade or Step” and this syllabus reflects that.  It normally takes anywhere from 4 (at a minimum) to 6 years of hard work to achieve the rank of Shodan. When earning the rank of Shodan, one is a “Yudansha” or “graded” judoka and is entitled to wear the black belt. Anyone who has not achieved the rank of Shodan is considered a “Mudansha” or “ungraded” judoka.  As stated before, one should consider earning the Shodan as the same as graduating from high school, and as such, it’s now time to go to college. In a judo or jujitsu sense, advancing through the black belt ranks is equivalent to advancing one’s education in a college or university. 
 
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHODAN
1-APPLICANT MUST BE A MINIMUM AGE OF 16 YEARS OLD.
2-APPLICANT MUST BE AN ACTIVE MEMBER IN GOOD STANDING WITH THIS ASSOCIATION.
3-APPLICANT MUST HAVE EXCELLENT ATTENDANCE IN ALL CLASSES, WORKOUTS, CLINICS AND SEMINARS IS REQUIRED.
4-APPLICANT MUST HAVE A FUNCTIONAL, WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY USED IN JUDO.
5-APPLICANT MUST HAVE A WORKING, FUNCTIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY OF KODOKAN JUDO.
6-APPLICANT MUST BE CURRENTLY CERTIFIED OR ACCREDITED IN CPR WITH A VALID, RECOGNIZED AGENCY.
7-APPLICANT MUST HAVE A MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE AS IKKYU OF ONE (1) YEAR. (THIS IS A MINIMUM-NOT STANDARD TIME IN GRADE.)
8-APPLICANT MUST ASSIST A SENIOR COACH IN TEACHING OR COACHING DUTIES.
9-APPLICANT MUST DEMONSTRATE SKILLFUL JUDO IN BOTH STANDING AND GROUNDFIGHTING DURING RANDORI.
10-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN A MINIMUM OF TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS OR WIN THE PROMOTION BY BATSUGAN (SEE EXPLANATION BELOW).
11-IF THE APPLICANT IS NOT A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST HAVE ACTIVELY TRAINED AS A JUDO REFEREE AND HAVE EARNED A REFEREE’S ACCREDITATION IN THE AMATEUR ATHLETIC UNION (AAU) OR OTHER VALID ORGANIZATION.
12-APPLICANT MUST KNOW BOTH THE JAPANESE AND ENGLISH TERMINOLOGY FOR ALL THE TECHNIQUES HE OR SHE IS REQUIRED TO DEMONSTRATE AS WELL AS KNOW THE REQUIRED JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY AS USED IN JUDO AND LISTED IN THIS SYLLABUS.
 
IMPORTANT: All candidates applying for the rank of Shodan or higher must be approved by the JBBA Promotion Board.
 
PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS SINCE HIS LAST PROMOTION TO IKKYU. PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN).  
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN).
TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned1 years time in grade as Ikkyu
7 promotion points earned2 years time in grade as Ikkyu
5 promotion points earned3 years time in grade as Ikkyu
3 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Ikkyu
2 or less promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Ikkyu
 
KATA
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest. 
 
 
IMPORTANT:  BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 (BEING THE LOWEST) UP TO AND INCLUDING 10 (BEING THE BEST), THE APPLICANT MUST DEMONSTRATE A SKILL LEVEL OF AT LEAST A “7.”  THIS IS IF THE APPLICANT IS TAKING A TEST AND BEING EXAMINED BY SENIOR COACHES FOR RANK PROMOTION, BUT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE APPLICANT TO DEMONSTRATE THIS LEVEL OF SKILL ON A REGULAR BASIS.
 
 
NAGE WAZA/THROWING TECHNIQUES
GOALS-EXCELLENT FUNCTIONAL SKILL AND UNDERSTANDING OF THROWING TECHNIQUES. 
APPLICANT MUST DEMONSTRATE AND UNDERSTAND CONCEPT OF:
1-KUZUSHI/UNBALANCE
2-TSUKURI/FIT IN
3- KAKE/EXECUTE
4-KIME/FOLLOW-THROUGH/EFFECTIVE FINISH OR FOCUS
APPLICANT MUST HAVE A GOOD, FUNCTIONAL UNDERSTANDING AND ABILITY AT GRIP FIGHTING AND DEMONSTRATE EFFECTIVE, FUNCTIONAL AND REALISTIC GRIPPING SKILLS WHEN DEMONSTRATING THE FOLLOWING TECHNIQUES LISTED. 
1-O SOTO GARI/MAJOR OUTER REAP
1A-O SOTO GARI/CROSS-BODY MAJOR OUTER REAP (ALSO CALLED O SOTO GAKE/MAJOR OUTER HOOK)
2-KOSHI GURUMA/HIP WHEEL
3-OGOSHI/MAJOR HIP THROW
3A-UKI GOSHI/FLOATING OR STRADDLING HIP THROW
4-TSURI GOSHI/PULLING HIP THROW
4A-TSURIKOMI GOSHI/LIFT-PULL HIP THROW
5-MOROTE GARI/BOTH HAND REAP
6-OKURI ASHI BARAI/SLIDING FOOT SWEEP  
6A-OKURI MOMO BARAI/SLIDING THIGH SWEEP
7-HARAI GOSHI/SWEEPING HIP THROW
8-SODE TSURIKOMI GOSHI/SLEEVE LIFT-PULL HIP THROW
9-SEOI NAGE/SHOULDER THROW
9A-IPPON SEOI NAGE (ONE ARM)
9B-MOROTE SEOI NAGE (BOTH HAND)
9C-ERI SEOI NAGE (LAPEL)
10-KNEE-DROP (SUWARI) SEOI NAGE OF APPLICANT’S CHOICE (IPPON, MOROTE OR ERI)
10A-KNEE-DROP KOSHI GURUMA
10B-KNEE DROP OGOSHI
11-UCHI MATA/INNER THIGH THROW
12-HANE GOSHI/SPRINGING HIP THROW
13-TAI OTOSHI/BODY DROP
14-O UCHI GARI/MAJOR INNER REAP
15-KO UCHI GAKE/MINOR INNER HOOK OR KO UCHI GARI/MINOR INNER REAP (APPLICANT’S CHOICE)
16-DE ASHI BARAI/ADVANCING FOOT SWEEP
17-SOTO MAKIKOMI/OUTER WINDING THROW
18-KO SOTO GAKE/MINOR OUTER HOOK
19-TANI OTOSHI/VALLEY DROP OR KO SOTO GARI/MINOR OUTER REAP (APPLICANT’ S CHOICE)
20-ASHI DORI/LEG GRAB (CUBAN LEG GRAB)
21-URA NAGE/REAR THROW 
22-ASHIKUBI DORI/ANKLE PICK
23-SASAE TSURIKOMI ASHI NAGE/PROPPING DRAWING FOOT THROW
23A-HIZA GURUMA/KNEE WHEEL
23B-HARAI TSURIKOMI ASHI/SWEEPING PROPPING DRAWING ANKLE THROW
24-TE GURUMA/HAND WHEEL
15-KATA GURUMA/SHOULDER WHEEL
26-TOMOE NAGE/CIRCLE THROW
26A-YOKO TOMOE NAGE/SIDE OR SPINNING CIRCLE THROW
27-SUMI GAESHI/CORNER COUNTER THROW
28- UKI OTOSHI/FLOATING DROP THROW
29-YOKO GAKE/SIDE HOOKING THROW  
30-YOKO GURUMA/SIDE WHEEL OR UKI WAZA/FLOATING TECHNIQUE (APPLICANT’S CHOICE)
 
RENRAKU WAZA/ CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION TECHNIQUES
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE A REALISTIC CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION OF ONE THROWING SKILL TO ANOTHER. 
1-DEMONSTRATE A FOOT THROW TO ANY OTHER THROW.
2-DEMONSTRATE A FORWARD THROW TO ANY OTHER THROW.
 
RENRAKU WAZA/ CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION TRANSITION FROM STANDING TO GROUNDFIGHTING TECHNIQUES
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE REALISTIC TRANSITION FROM A THROW TO GROUNDFIGHTING.
1-DEMONSTRATE ANY FORWARD THROW TO ANY OSAE WAZA.
2-DEMONSTRATE ANY FORWARD THROW TO JUJI GATAME.
3-DEMONSTRATE ANY REAR THROW OR FOOT SWEEP TO ANY OSAE WAZA.
4-DEMONSTRATE ANY REAR THROW OR FOOT SWEEP TO JUJI GATAME.
5-DEMONSTRATE APPLICANT’S FAVORITE THROW TO ANY GROUNDFIGHTING TECHNIQUE.
 
RENRAKU WAZA/CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION TECHNIQUES FROM ONE GROUNDFIGHTING SKILL TO ANOTHER GROUNDFIGHTING SKILL
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO LINK ONE GROUNDFIGHTING SKILL TO ANOTHER, KEEPING CONTROL OF OPPONENT.
1-DEMONSTRATE MUNE GATAME TO ANY OTHER OSAE WAZA.
2-DEMONSTRATE ANY OSAE WAZA TO ANY OTHER OSAE WAZA.
3-DEMONSTRATE A REALISTIC AND FUNCTIONAL CONTINUATION OF 3 OR MORE OSAE WAZA.
4-DEMONSTRATE ANY OSAE WAZA TO ANY KANSETSU WAZA (PIN TO ARMLOCK).
4-DEMONSTRATE ANY KANSETSU WAZA TO ANY OSAE WAZA (ARMLOCK TO PIN).
5-DEMONSTRATE ANY OSAE WAZA TO ANY SHIME WAZA (PIN TO CHOKE).
6-DEMONSTRATE ANY SHIME WAZA TO ANY OSAE WAZA (CHOKE TO PIN).
7-DEMONSTRATE ANY KANSETSU WAZA TO ANY SHIME WAZA (ARMLOCK TO CHOKE).
8-DEMONSTRATE ANY SHIME WAZA TO ANY KANSETSU WAZA (CHOKE TO ARMLOCK).
9-DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST 2 DIFFERENT LEVERS TO PRY OPPONENT’ S ARM FREE TO APPLY JUJI GATAME FROM THE LEG PRESS POSITION.
 
FUSEGI/DEFENSE AND KAESHI WAZA/COUNTER TECHNIQUES
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE REALISTIC DEFENSIVE SKILLS AND COUNTER ATTACKS.
1-DEMONSTRATE HIP BLOCK AND CUT-AWAY AGAINST ANY THROW.
2-DEMONSTRATE HOP-AROUND DEFENSE AGAINST ANY THROW.
3-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO CUT AGAINST THE GRAIN AGAINST A FORWARD THROW.
4-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO SPRAWL AGAINST A MOROTE GARI OR FRONT LEG ATTACK.
5-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO BLOCK FORWARD THROW AND COUNTER WITH AN URA NAGE (BUCK).
6-DEMONSTRATE “SUKASHI” AVOIDANCE OF A FORWARD THROW AND COUNTER ATTACK.
 
NOGARE KATA/ESCAPE TECHNIQUES FOR GROUNDFIGHTING
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE FUNCTIONAL AND REALISTIC ESCAPES FOR GROUNDFIGHTING.
1-DEMONSTRATE BRIDGE AND ROLL ESCAPE FROM KESA GATAME.
2-DEMONSTRATE SHRIMP ESCAPE FROM OPPONENT AT SIDE (AS IN YOKO SHIHO GATAME OR MUNE GATAME).
3-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO “STEAL” YOUR SHOULDER BACK AGAINST JUJI GATAME AND IN THE LEG PRESS.
4-DEMONSTRATE BRIDGE AND KICK-OVER ESCAPE FROM JUJI GATAME.
5-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND YOUR NECK AGAINST ANY REAR CHOKE WITH OPPONENT USING YOUR LAPEL OR LAPELS.
6-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND YOUR NECK AGAINST ANY REAR NAKED CHOKE.
7-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST ANY FRONT LAPEL CHOKE.
8-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST SANKAKU GATAME WHEN ATTACKER HAS YOU IN HIS GUARD.
9-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST SANKAKU GATAME WHEN YOU ARE ON ALL FOURS AND ATTACKER IS AT YOUR HEAD AND SHOULDERS.
 
NEWAZA/GROUNDFIGHTING POSITION, BREAKDOWNS, SET-UPS AND RIDES
GOALS-STUDENT MUST POSSESS EXCELLENT FUNCTIONAL ABILITY AT CONTROLLING OPPONENT’S POSITION AND ABLE TO USE RIDES, BREAKDOWNS AND OTHER SET UPS TO APPLY PINS OR SUBMISSION TECHNIQUES. DEMONSTRATE EXCELLENT ABILITY AT LEG WRESTLING AND HAND WRESTLING AND HOW THESE SKILLS CONTROL AN OPPONENT.  EFFECTIVE JUDO (IN THIS CASE, GROUNDFIGHTING) IS A SERIES OF CONTROLLING POSITIONS THAT ULTIMATELY LEADS TO DEFEATING HIM.
IMPORTANT- (WHEN DEMONSTRATING ALL BREAKDOWNS, GUARD PASSES OR GUARD SWEEPS, APPLICANT MUST IMMEDIATELY AND EFFECTIVELY MOVE INTO ANY PIN, CHOKE OR ARMLOCK OF HIS CHOICE.)
FAR ARM NEAR LEG BREAKDOWN
BELT AND NELSON BREAKDOWN (KNEES)
JUDO STACK
FRONT 2-LEG BREAKDOWN
BELT AND NELSON BREAKDOWN (FLAT)
JUDO/SAMBO SWITCH
HIP WHEEL BREAKDOWN
PETERSON ROLL
SODEN ROLL
BURNS BREAKDOWN
BOTH HAND BELT LIFT TO CHOKE WHEN UKE IS FLAT ON HIS FRONT
RODEO RIDE (FROM TOP POSITION AND SEATED RODEO RIDE)
WRESTLER’S RIDE (DEMONSTRATE HOW TO USE A RIDE TO ESTABLISH A POSITION, AND THEN MOVE TO ANOTHER CONTROL POSITION OR BREAKDOWN.)
NEAR WRIST RIDE
LEG PRESS POSITION
SPIN AND PIN 
SPIN AND STRETCH (TO ARMLOCK)
 
YOU ARE IN OMOTE (GUARD) POSITION-GUARD SWEEPS OR ROLLOVERS
OMOTE (CLOSED GUARD) POSITION
KNEE PUSH ROLLOVER
ELEVATOR ROLLOVER
UNDERHOOK AND ROLLOVER
BELT LINE DEFENSE AND ROLLOVER
CROSS-GRIP/BELT GRAB ROLLOVER
SAYLOR OVERHOOK ROLLOVER
UNDERHOOK LEG AND ROLLOVER
1-ARM OVERREACH ROLLOVER
BOTTOM TO TOP ROLLOVER
BOTH KNEES PUSH FROM OMOTE
BOTH KNEES PUSH AND ROLLOVER
1-LEG TOMOE NAGE ROLLOVER
2-LEG TOMOE NAGE ROLLOVER
BOTH KNEES JAM ELEVATOR ROLLOVER
BOTH ANKLE HOOK/LEG PUSH 
 
IF OPPONENT HAS YOU IN OMOTE (GUARD) POSITION-GUARD PASSES
IMPORTANT SKILL-ALWAYS STAY BELOW OPPONENT’S BELT LIKE OR HIPS UNTIL READY TO PASS.
CROSS UKE’S LEG PASS
TRAP USE’S LEG PASS
BOTH KNEES TOGETHER PASS 
THROW AWAY LEGS PASS
WORK UP LEGS PASS
TRAP LEG/TRAP ANKLE PASS
BELT LIFT AND ROLLOVER PASS
SHUCK LEG PASS
BELT GRIP/CROTCH PRESSURE PASS
DEMONSTRATE HOW TO “POSTURE UP.”
 
KANSETSU WAZA/JOINT OR ARMLOCK TECHNIQUES
GOALS-ABILITY OF APPLICANT TO PERFORM ARMLOCKS IN A FUNCTIONAL WAY.  HAVE EXCELLENT SKILLS AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLLS AND SET UPS FOR A VARIETY OF ARMLOCKS.  BE ABLE TO PERFORM GOOD SKILL AT ARMLOCK DEFENSES.  EXCELLENT SKILL AT LEVERS AND PRYING ARM FREE TO APPLY JUJI GATAME.
JUJI GATAME/CROSS-BODY ARMLOCK  
1-SPINNING JUJI GATAME
2-BACK ROLL JUJI GATAME
3-HIP ROLL JUJI GATAME
4-HEAD ROLL JUJI GATAME
5-DEMONSTRATE A MINIMUM OF THREE (3) OTHER BREAKDOWNS OR SET-UPS INTO JUJI GATAME.
UDE GARAMI/ARM ENTANGLEMENT (BENT ARMLOCK)
1-BASIC FROM TOP IN THE “UP” POSITION.
2-BASIC FROM TOP IN THE “DOWN” POSITION.
3-FROM THE BOTTOM (GUARD) POSITION.
WAKI GATAME/ARMPIT LOCK
1-BASIC FROM THE FRONT.
2-BASIC FROM THE WRESTLER’S RIDE (BACK).
UDE GATAME/ARM LOCK (STRAIGHT ARMLOCK)
1-DEMONSTRATE THE BASIC FIGURE-4 VARIATION.
2-DEMONSTRATE THE BASIC BOTH HANDS ON ELBOWS VARIATION. 
3-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO APPLY UDE GATAME WHEN HOLDING OPPONENT IN KESA GATAME.
 
OSAEKOMI WAZA/IMMOBILIZATION (PINNING) TECHNIQUES
GOALS-HAVE FUNCTIONAL SKILL AND UNDERSTANDING OF HOW TO HOLD OPPONENT TO THE MAT. BODY POSITION, WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION AND ABILITY TO MAINTAIN A GOOD BASE ARE IMPORTANT.
1-MUNE GATAME/CHEST HOLD (AND VARIATION)
2-KESA GATAME/SCARF HOLD (AND VARIATION)
3-KATA GATAME/SHOULDER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
4-YOKOSHIHO GATAME/SIDE 4-CORNER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
5-KAMISHIHO GATAME/UPPER 4-CORNER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
6-TATESHIHO GATAME/VERTICAL 4-CORNER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
7-UKI GATAME/STRADDLE HOLD
8-SANKAKU GATAME/TRIANGLE PIN
 
SHIME WAZA/STRANGLING AND CHOKING TECHNIQUES AND NECK CRANKS  (*DENOTES FOR JUJITSU)
GOAL-HAVE FUNCTIONAL SKILL IN STRANGLES AND CHOKES, KNOW THE IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY WHEN USING CHOKES AND ABILITY TO USE POSITION TO SET UP THE STRANGLE OR CHOKE.  
IMPORTANT SKILLS: 1-ESTABLISH A CONTROLLING POSITION AND LOWER BODY CONTROL BEFORE CHOKING OPPONENT.
1-HADAKA JIME/NAKED CHOKE (SQUARE GRIP)
2-HADAKA JIME/FIGURE 4 VERSION NAKED STRANGLE
3-OMOTE HADAKA JIME/FRONT NAKED CHOKE (GUILLOTINE)
4-JUJI JIME/CROSS CHOKE FROM BOTTOM
5-JUJI JIME/CROSS CHOKE FROM TOP
ON THE JUJI JIME SERIES, APPLICANT MUST ALSO DEMONSTRATE THE 3 BASIC HAND POSITIONS FOR APPLYING THE STRANGLE. 1-NAMI (NORMAL) POSITION. 2-GYAKU (REVERSE) POSITION. 3-KATA (HALF AND HALF OR CROSSED) POSITION.
6-OKURI ERI JIME/SLIDING LAPEL CHOKE
7-KATA HA JIME/SINGLE WING CHOKE  (BASIC APPLICATION)
8-ROLLING KATA HA JIME (OPPONENT ON ALL FOURS)
9-KATA JIME/SHOULDER CHOKE (ARM TRIANGLE) CHOKE
10-SANKAKU JIME (OMOTE)/TRIANGLE CHOKE (FROM FRONT OFF BUTTOCKS)
11-SANKAKU JIME/TRIANGLE CHOKE (FROM TOP WITH OPPONENT ON ALL FOURS OR FLAT)
12-WANA JIME/TRAP (BASEBALL) CHOKE FROM BOTTOM OR GUARD POSITION
13-WANA JIME/TRAP CHOKE (STANDING APPLICATION)
14-JIGOKU JIME/HELL STRANGLE FROM ANY POSITION APPLICANT CHOOSES.
 
KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata. 
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE NAGE NO KATA (FORM OF THROWING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON APPLICANT’S FAVORITE SIDE (RIGHT OR LEFT) AT THE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest. 
 
TERMINOLOGY AND HISTORY
Goal-Every activity has its own terminology that helps everyone understand the concepts, theories and actual application of that particular activity. Judo is no different. Japanese terminology is useful in understanding the underlying and foundational concepts and theories of Kodokan Judo.  Additionally, the Japanese terminology is used as the common language of judo all over the world. It is essential to understand as much of the Japanese terminology as possible to have a real comprehension of Kodokan Judo. Understanding the history of Kodokan Judo is essential to a more complete comprehension of judo as a method of physical education, sport, self-defense and recreational activity. One must know and appreciate the history of any activity or subject to have a good understanding of how and why that activity thrives. Kodokan Judo is no different.
 
APPLICANT MUST KNOW THE FOLLOWING TERMINOLOGY.
Important: Applicant must know both the English and Japanese names for all the techniques required for all ranks. This is especially true for the rank of Shodan.
 
 
KODOKAN JUDO-The correct name for what is commonly called judo. Kodokan means “School to learn the way” and Judo means “flexible, yielding, adaptable or gentle way or philosophy.” Judo is often called the “gentle way” but the word “ju” means more than simply “gentle” when referring to what is known as judo. Ju means adaptable, functional or having the ability to use your strength to its most efficient abilities and using your opponent’s strength against him. Judo is far from gentle in its theory and application. It is functional and adaptable.
 
KUZUSHI-CONTROLLING THE OPPONENT’S BALANCE. UNBALANCING THE OPPONENT.
 
TSUKURI-FITTING INTO THE TECHNIQUE. 
 
KAKE-EXECUTING THE TECHNIQUE.
 
KIME-FOLLOWING THROUGH OR FINISHING THE TECHNIQUE WITH THE OPPONENT UDNER CONTORL.
 
KATA –STRUCTURE OR FORM. ONE OF THE 3 PRIMARY ASPECTS OF JUDO TRAINING.
 
RANDORI-FREE PRACTICE. ONE OF THE 3 PRIMARY ASPECTS OF KODOKAN JUDO TRAINING.
 
SHIAI-TESTING YOURSELF IN A REAL SITUATION OR COMPETITION. ONE OF THE 3 PRIMARY ASPECTS OF JUDO TRAINING.
 
DOJO-PRACTICE HALL OR PLACE TO TRAIN OR STUDY KODOKAN JUDO.
 
TATAMI-THE MAT USED IN JUDO.
 
SENSEI-A PHRASE THAT IS USED TO DENOTE SOMEONE AS AN “HONORED TEACHER” OR “COACH.”
 
NAGE WAZA-THROWING TECHNIQUES. THE WORD “NAGE” MEANS TO “THROW OR PROJECT” AND IMPLIES THAT THE OPPONENT’S BODY IS THROWN OVER OF BY THE ATTACKER’S BODY.
 
TE WAZA-HAND TECHNQIUES IN THROWING.
 
ASHI WAZA-FOOT OR LEG TECHNIQUES IN THROWING.
 
KOSHI WAZA-HIP TECHNIQUES IN THROWING.
 
SUTEMI WAZA-SACRIFICE TECHNIQUES IN THROWING.
 
KATAME WAZA-LOCKING TECHNIQUES. KATAME, IN THIS SENSE, MEANS TO “LOCK INTO PLACE” OR “CONTROL.” KATAME WAZA IS THE GROUNDFIGHTING OF KODOKAN JUDO.
 
NEWAZA-A GENERIC TERM FOR ALL GROUND GRAPPLING. THE WORD “NE” REFERS TO LYING DOWN OR RECLINING, GENERALLY ON THE BACK OR BACK SIDE. WAZA MEANS “TECHNIQUE.” GROUNDFIGHTING OR GROUNDFIGHTING TECHNIQUES IN JUDO ARE OFTEN CALLED NEWAZA.
 
OSAEKOMI WAZA-HOLDING TECHNIQUES. OSAEKOMI MEANS TO “IMMOBILIZE” OR TO PIN OR PRESS THE OPPONENT DOWN TO THE MAT.
 
SHIME WAZA-STRANGLING OR CHOKING TECHNIQUES. ACTUALLY, “SHIME” MEANS “TO SQUEEZE TOGETHER” AND REFERS TO THE ACTION OF SQUEEZING THE OPPONENT’S NECK, THROAT OR BODY TO DEPRIV EHIM OF OXYGEN OR ADEQAUTE BLOOD FLOW. 
 
KANSETSU WAZA-JOINT TECHNIQUES (IN KODOKAN JUDO, THIS REFERS TO ARMLOCKS.)
 
ATEMI WAZA-STRIKING TECHNIQUES
 
RENRAKU WAZA-COMBINATION OR CONTINUATION TECHNIQUES
 
KAESHI WAZA-COUNTER TECHNIQUES
 
NAGEKOMI-THROWING PRACTICE. 
 
UCHIKOMI/BUTUSKARI-REPETITIVE FITTING IN PRACTICE. THE TERM “BUTSUKARI” IS AN OLDER TERM THAT WAS USED IN KODOKAN JUDO FOR MANY YEARS THAT IS NOW CALLED UCHIKOMI. BUTUSUKARI IS NOW OFTEN USED TO DENOTE THE REPETITIVE, FITTING-IN MOVEMENT WHEN PRACTICING A THROW WITH THE EMPHASIS ON FOOT PLACEMENT AND FOOT SPEED.
 
JUDOGI-JUDO UNIFORM. IT IS PROPER TO USE THE ENTIRE TERM “JUDOGI” AND NOT SIMPLY “GI.”
 
JUDOKA-PERSON WHO DOES JUDO.
 
TORI-PERSON PERFORMING THE TECHNIQUE.
 
UKE-PERSON HAVING THE TECHNIQUE PERFORMED ON HIM.
 
UKEMI-THE METHOD OF FALLING SAFELY USED IN JUDO; OFTEN CALLED BREAKFALLS. 
 
KIYOTSUKE-MEANS ‘ATTENTION” AND IS USED TO CALL STUDENTS TO ATTENTION WHEN BOWING IN OR OUT OF JUDO PRACTICE.
 
REI-BOW  (RITSU REI-STANDING BOW)  (ZAREI-KNEELING BOW)
 
TAISABAKI-BODY MOVEMENT OR BODY MANAGEMENT. THIS REFERS TO THE MOVEMENT OF THE BODY WHEN THE JUDOKA “LEADS WITH HIS HIPS.” HAVING AN UPRIGHT POSTURE AND USING THE HIPS TO GENERATE MOVEMENT AND POWER ARE WHAT TAISABAKI IS ABOUT. 
 
SHISEI-FOOTWORK. THERE ARE SEVERAL METHODS OF FOOTWORK USED IN JUDO AND THIS IS THE GENERIC TERM FOR THEM.
 
YUDANSHA-PHRASE THAT REFERS TO BLACK BELTS. ACTUALLY MEANS “GRADED OR RANKED” PERSON.
 
MUDANSHA-PHRASE THAT REFERS TO ALL NON-BLACK BELTS. ACTUALLY MEANS “UNGRADED OR UNRAKED” PERSON.
 
DAN-GRADE OR STEP IN THE BLACK BELT RANKS.
 
KYU-CLASS OR DEGREE IN THE RANKS UNDER BLACK BELT.
 
THE APPLICANT MUST HAVE A GOOD KNOWLEDGE OF THE JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY FOR EACH OF THE RANKS USED IN KODOKAN JUDO.
Shihan-Title reserved for Prof. Jigoro Kano, the founder of Kodokan Judo. Shihan means “past master.”
Judan-10 Grade
Kudan-9 Grade
Hachidan-8 Grade
Shichidan-7 Grade
Rokudan-6 Grade
Godan-5 Grade
Yondan-4 Grade
Sandan-3 Grade
Nidan-2 Grade
Shodan-1 Grade (actually means “initial grade.”)
Ikkyu-1 Class
Nikyu-2 Class
Sankyu-3 Class
Yonkyu-4 Class
Gokyu-5 Class
Rokkyu-6 Class
Shichikyu-7 Class
 
BASIC KODOKAN JUDO HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY
    Prof. Jigoro Kano founded Kodokan Judo in 1882 in Tokyo, Japan. Prof. Kano studied various forms of Jujutsu (primarily Tenshin Shinyo-ryu and Kito-ryu forms of jujutsu) starting in 1877. From these sources, he developed the theories and practical application of Kodokan Judo.  Judo became an Olympic sport in 1964 for men and in 1988 for women and is practiced worldwide.  
    Kodokan Judo, as expressed by Prof. Jigoro Kano, is “The principle of the maximum-efficient use of mind and body. In studying judo, it is essential to train the body and to cultivate the mind through the methods of attack and defense. Thereby, perfecting oneself and contributing to the welfare of the world.”  Prof. Kano summarized the above by using the slogans “Maximum efficiency with minimum effort” and “Mutual welfare and benefit.” These two slogans define the two primary goals of the theory and philosophy of Kodokan Judo.
    There are many good resources to find out more information on the history of judo and everyone is encouraged to learn more about the history and philosophy of Kodokan Judo.
 
 
 
NIDAN (2nd Grade Black Belt)
    The rank of Nidan is an extension of Shodan and the judoka is expected to continue his progress and refine the fundamental skills he has learned for Shodan.  Time in grade is important as the judoka matures and continues in his study of judo.  This is a time when the judoka also “makes his judo work for him” and applies the basic skills so that they best suit his strength, size and any other factors.  This is also a time when the judoka assists a senior coach or starts teaching on his own so that he has a better understanding of as many aspects of judo as possible. The student is required to attend as many Welcome Mat clinics, seminars, workshops and classes as possible to improve his skill level. The student is also required to go through coach education and become accredited or certified as an AAU (or other national organization) Judo Coach (this applies to everyone, including competitive judo athletes). 
     There are few additional technical requirements for Nidan other than the fact that the judoka must progress in the quality of his technical skills and understanding of judo. If the judoka’s technical skill was a “7” on a scale of 1 to 10 (with 10 as the best), then he should improve it to as close to “10” as possible to be a Nidan. The judoka is expected to broaden his functional knowledge base as much as possible.  It’s best to have the judoka work under the supervision of a senior coach so his skill level can be better assessed and suggestions on individual improvement can be made. The minimum age requirement for Nidan is 18 years of age. Time in grade is a minimum of 2 years and more often, it’s anywhere from 2 to 6 years.  The student must also be current in his CPR certification and he is expected to continue to improve as a judo referee. When testing for this rank, the applicant will be required to undergo the same test as that for Shodan and meet all the requirements as listed for Shodan but all skills must be demonstrated with a higher degree of proficiency.
 
PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN).  
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE NIDAN).
4-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS A CERTIFIED AAU JUDO COACH.
5-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS AN ACCREDITED AAU JUDO REFEREE.
 
TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned2 years time in grade as Shodan
7 promotion points earned3 years time in grade as Shodan
5 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Shodan
3 promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Shodan
2 or less promotion points earned6 years time in grade as Shodan
 
KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata. 
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE NAGE NO KATA (FORM OF THROWING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON BOTH RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES AT THE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest. 
 
 
 
 
SANDAN
    The rank of Sandan is considered a high rank, and as such, the judoka must possess an excellent skill level and participate fully in JBBA or AAU activities, clinics, tournaments and other events. In addition to fulfilling the requirements for Shodan and Nidan, the judoka must meet the following general requirements.
1-Minimum age requirement is 21 years old.
2-Applicant must be a certified AAU Judo Coach and possess a current CPR certification from a recognized agency.
3-Minimum time in grade from Nidan to Sandan is three (3) years. Normal time in grade is 3 to 7 years.
4-Applicant must be an accredited AAU Judo Referee and actively referee in local and regional judo AAU tournaments.
5-Applicants for the rank of Sandan must apply directly to the JBBA Promotion Board with the approval of the applicant’s coach.
6-Meet and fulfill all previous rank requirements.
 
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
1-Applicant must demonstrate all the skills required for Shodan with excellent skill (on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the best, the applicant should demonstrate skill at the “10” level).
2-Throwing Techniques; applicant must demonstrate all the techniques from the Gokyo No Waza as used before 1982 (40 throwing techniques).
3-Groundfighting Techniques; applicant must demonstrate an advanced knowledge of osaekomi waza, shime waza and kansetsu waza that is different from that listed on the Shodan Syllabus.
 
PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS SINCE HIS LAST PROMOTION TO NIDAN. PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN).  
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SANDAN).
4-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS A CERTIFIED AAU JUDO COACH.
5-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS AN ACCREDITED AAU JUDO REFEREE.
 
 
TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned3 years time in grade as Nidan
7 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Nidan
5 promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Nidan
3 promotion points earned6 years time in grade as Nidan
2 or less promotion points earned7 years time in grade as Nidan
 
KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata. 
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE KATAME NO KATA (FORM OF GRAPPLING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON TORI’S FAVORITE SIDE (RIGHT OR LEFT) AT THE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest. 
 
 
 
YONDAN
    The rank of Yondan is considered a senior rank and the person who applies for this level must possess excellent personal skill and unquestionable ethical behavior.  General requirements for this rank are.
1-Minimum age requirement is 26 years old.
2-Applicant must be a certified AAU Judo Coach and possess a current CPR certification from a recognized agency.
3-Minimum time in grade from Sandan to Yondan is four (4) years. Normal time in grade is 4 to 8 years.
4-Applicant must be an accredited AAU Judo Referee and actively referee in local, regional and national AAU judo tournaments.
5-Applicants for the rank of Yondan must apply directly to the JBBA Promotion Board with the approval of the applicant’s coach.
6-Meet and fulfill all previous rank requirements.
 
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
1-Applicant must demonstrate all the skills required for Shodan with excellent skill (on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the best, the applicant should demonstrate skill at the “10” level).
2-Applicant must demonstrate the 16 Habukareta Waza  (Preserved throwing techniques from the 1895 Kodokan Gokyo no Waza.) and the 37 Shinmeisho no Waza (Throwing techniques accepted by the Kodokan after 1982.).
3-Groundfighting Techniques; applicant must demonstrate an advanced knowledge of osaekomi waza, shime waza and kansetsu waza that is different from that listed on the Shodan Syllabus.
 
PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS SINCE HIS LAST PROMOTION TO SANDAN. PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN).  
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE YONDAN).
4-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS A CERTIFIED AAU  JUDO COACH.
5-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS AN ACCREDITED AAU JUDO REFEREE.
 
 
TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Sandan
7 promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Sandan
5 promotion points earned6 years time in grade as Sandan
3 promotion points earned7 years time in grade as Sandan
2 or less promotion points earned8 years time in grade as Sandan
 
KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata. 
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE KATAME NO KATA (FORM OF GRAPPLING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON BOTH RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES AT TE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest. 
 
 
GODAN
    Promotions of Godan or higher will be submitted to the JBBA Promotion Board for approval.
 
 
 
 
JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION  (JBBA) PROMOTION BOARD
 
Steve Scott, Shichidan
Becky Scott, Rokudan
Ken Brink, Godan
Shawn Watson, Godan
Sandi Harrelson, Godan
Chris Heckadon, Godan
Kirk Quinones, Godan
Kelvin Knisely, Godan
Bryan Potter, Godan
Mark Lozano, Godan
 
 
 
 
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The following is the skill and rank syllabus used for judo at the Welcome Mat Judo Club. This serves as reference material for Welcome Mat members who wish to expand their knowledge and work toward their next rank promotion. The syllabus starts with the lowest ranks and progresses toward the higher ranks as you scroll down the page.
Ability is more important than belt rank. The color of one's belt is of less importance than the skill one possesses. However, belt rank is a useful tool as a method of external motivation in learning.
Judo is one of the best forms of physical education ever devised.  It's also an Olympic sport, an excellent method of self-defense and a great recreational activity.  But is judo for everyone?  Maybe not.  It's a grappling activity where there is a lot of physical contact with other people.  It can be a rough activity and an even rougher sport.  If you're looking for something that gets you up close and personal with other people, then judo might be for you.      In 1882, Prof. Jigoro Kano developed Kodokan Judo in Tokyo, Japan.  Prof. Kano initially had only nine students but his adaptation of jujutsu quickly became popular.  Today, millions of people all over the world practice judo.      Judo consists of throws, pins, chokes and armlocks.  Over the years, there have been many influences on the original Kodokan Judo Prof. Kano founded and it has become a modern Olympic sport.  Judo was included as a demonstration sport for men in the 1964 Olympic Games  in Tokyo, Japan and became a regular part of the Olympic Games in 1972 in Munich, Germany.  In 1988, women's judo was included as a demonstration sport in the Seoul, Korea Olympic Games and was included as a full sport in 1992 in the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Spain.  But judo is more than a sport.  It's one of the best forms of physical education ever invented and can be used for personal growth and development.