WELCOME MAT JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION
WELCOME MAT JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION
BELT RANK STRUCTURE
 
Purpose of Welcome Mat Belt Rank
    The purpose of belt ranks is to provide an external motivation for students and a coherent and organized structure for instructors to use to advance in the theory and practice of Kodokan Judo. Acquiring rank is of secondary importance to the development of Shin (the mental and emotional development of the student); Gi (the acquisition of fundamentally sound and functionally effective skills by the student) and; Tai (the physical development of the student).
 
The Organization of Belt Ranks
    There are four basic levels or colors of belt rank in our system. These four basic levels are further divided so as to provide more opportunities for advancement and to provide instructors a structure that can be used in the teaching of basic, intermediate and advanced skills and concepts of judo as we interpret them at Welcome Mat.
    These four levels are explained on the next page, but briefly, they are:
Black Belt
    There are five grades of Black Belt awarded unless approved by the Promotion Board. No other color than black is used for these advanced ranks. The rank of Shodan indicates that the student has a fundamentally sound understanding and very good functional ability at all phases of Kodokan Judo. As the student advances through the grades to Godan, he gains a thorough and comprehensive ability in all phases of judo.
Brown Belt
    The Brown Belt ranks are divided into three (3) classes. Sankyu, the lowest class indicates that the student is advancing into a broader and more functionally effective study and application of Kodokan Judo. Attainment of Nikyu indicates that the student has a fairly comprehensive knowledge and ability of judo. Earning Ikkyu is (using the analogy of general education) the equivalent of graduating from a good high school. In other words, the rank of Ikkyu indicates that the student has a functional and proficient knowledge and ability at judo.
Blue Belt
    The Blue Belt level is divided into two (2) classes. They are Yonkyu (Advanced) and Yonkyu. Attaining the Advanced Yonkyu indicates that the student has a good understanding of the basic concepts and skills of judo and is prepared for more advanced study. The purpose of dividing this rank into to levels is to provide sufficient time and opportunity for the student to mature in his or her development in the study of Kodokan Judo.
White Belt
    The White Belt level is divided into three (3) classes. All new students when starting their study at Welcome Mat wear a white belt. Upon advancement to the next novice level at Rokkyu, the student may wear a white or (if approved by his instructor) a yellow belt. Upon advancement to the next class of Gokyu, the student may wear a while belt or (if approved by his instructor) a green belt.
 
 
 
 
WELCOME MAT JUDO RANK SYSTEM FOR ADULTS
 
BLACK BELT
This rank is awarded to students and teachers who have attained a considerable understanding and proficiency in Kodokan Judo. There are five grades at this rank. The Welcome Mat JBBA Promotion Board must approve ranks above Godan.
 
Godan-5th Grade Black Belt
Yondan-4th Grade black Belt
Sandan-3rd Grade Black Belt
Nidan-2nd Grade Black Belt
Shodan-1st (or Initial) Grade Black Belt (It usually takes approximately 6 years to attain Shodan.)
 
 
BROWN BELT
This rank is awarded to students who have achieved a more advanced level of proficiency. There are three levels at this rank.
 
Ikkyu 1st Class (Approximately 1 year since promotion to Nikyu.)
Nikyu 2nd Class (Approximately 1 year since promotion to Sankyu.)
Sankyu 3rd Class (Approximately 1 year since promotion to Advance Yonkyu.)
 
 
BLUE BELT
This rank is awarded to students who are at an intermediate stage in their development. There are two levels at this rank.
 
Yonkyu (Advanced) 4th Class (Approximately 1 year since promotion to Yonkyu.)
Yonkyu 4th Class (Approximately 1 year since promotion to Gokyu.)
 
 
WHITE BELT
This is a novice level of proficiency and emphasis is placed on fundamental skills and physical education.
 
 
Gokyu (5th Class) White belt (or Green belt if approved by instructor)
(Approximately 6 to 9 months since promotion to Rokkyu.)
 
 
Rokkyu (6th Class) White belt (or Yellow belt if approved by instructor)
(Approximately 4 to 6 months of study is required to attain this rank.)
 
 
Shichikyu (7th Class) White belt (The color belt worn and rank assigned when starting.)
 
 
 
 
WELCOME MAT JUDO RANK SYSTEM FOR JUNIORS
 
 
 
BROWN BELT Junior Ikkyu or Senior Sankyu
Awarded to athletes who have demonstrated excellent ability and have defeated adult brown or black belts in local and regional tournament. Applicant must have won a gold, silver or bronze medal in multiple junior national tournaments. Applicant must be a minimum age of 14 years old and at least a freshman in high school. This rank is awarded in only exceptional situations.
 
 
PURPLE BELT Junior Nikyu
Awarded to athletes who have demonstrated exceptional skill and are competitive in national level tournaments. Applicant must be a minimum age of 12 years old.
 
 
BLUE BELT Junior Sankyu
Awarded to athletes who demonstrate outstanding skill and a good understanding of the fundamental skills of judo. Applicant must be a minimum age of 11 years old.
 
 
GREEN BELT Junior Yonkyu
Awarded to athletes who demonstrated continued development in skill and have consistent attendance at judo classes and practices. Minimum age for this rank is 9 years old.
 
 
ORANGE BELT Junior Gokyu
Awarded to athletes who continue to develop skills, sportsmanship and an understanding of the basics of judo. Regular class attendance and continued improvement are important for this rank to be awarded. No minimum age requirement.
 
 
YELLOW BELT Junior Rokkyu
Awarded to athletes who continue to develop skills, sportsmanship and are learning the basic skills of judo. Regular class attendance and continued improvement are important for this rank to be awarded. No minimum age requirement.
 
 
WHITE BELT New Student
This is the rank assigned to new students. No minimum age requirement.
 
 

WELCOME MAT
JUDO BLACK BELT ASSOCIATION
SYLLABUS FOR JUDO RANK

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
    The purpose of this syllabus is to provide a fundamentally sound basis of passing knowledge, skill and ability in Kodokan Judo to anyone who wishes to learn.  The color of one’s belt or accumulation of dan grades is of less importance than the skill one possesses. Ability is more important than belt rank, but belt rank is a useful tool as a method of external motivation in learning. This syllabus can also serve as an organized plan of learning technical skills in judo.  The “base line” of this syllabus is Shodan. For more information on what is meant by this, please refer to the Shodan syllabus listed below.

RANK LEVELS
    The Judo Black Belt Association (JBBA) use the following system for rank promotions in judo.

RankNameBelt (16-older)     Belt (15-under)

Mudansha (Ungraded)
7 ClassShichikyu       White White
6 Class       Rokkyu   Yellow Yellow
5 Class       Gokyu           Green Orange
4 Class       Yonkyu    Blue  Green
4 ClassYonkyu (Advanced) Blue   Blue
3 Class Sankyu  Brown*Blue
2 Class Nikyu    Brown Purple
1 Class Ikkyu           Brown Brown

*Exceptional judoka may be promoted to Senior Sankyu at the minimum age of 14 years old or a freshman in high school.

Yudansha (Graded)
1 Grade ShodanBlack Minimum age for Shodan is 16 years old.
2 Grade  Nidan           BlackMinimum age for Nidan is 18 years old.
3 Grade Sandan BlackMinimum age for Sandan is 21 years old.
4 Grade       Yondan          BlackMinimum age for Yondan is 26 years old.
5 Grade Godan    BlackMinimum age for Godan is 35 years old.
6 Grade Rokudan        BlackMinimum age for Rokudan is 40 years old.
7 Grade Shichidan      Black    Minimum age for Shichidan is 48 years old.
8 Grade Hachidan      Black    Minimum age for Hachidan is 52 years old.
9 GradeKudan           Black
10 Grade Judan    Black

RANK PROMOTION AUTHORITY
    Generally, a coach or instructor must be a minimum of two (2) ranks higher than the rank to which he is promoting a student.  In all cases, a coach or instructor must be a minimum rank of Shodan to promote students. Brown belts are not permitted to promote students.  IMPORTANT: EFFECTIVE JAN. 1, 2013, ALL PROMOTIONS IN JUDO TO SHODAN AND ABOVE WILL BE MADE BY THE JBBA PROMOTION BOARD. THE PROMOTION BOARD MUST EXAMINE ALL APPLICANTS FOR SHODAN AND ABOVE.  The JBBA Promotion Board will convene at least twice per year (once in the Spring and once in the Fall) for the purpose of conducting rank examinations for Shodan and above.
Coach’s Rank Authority to Promote
Shodan can promote to no higher than Nikyu
Nidan can promote no higher than Ikkyu
Sandan can recommend no higher than Shodan (With approval after applicant tests before the JBBA Promotion Board.)
Yondan can recommend no higher than Nidan    (With approval after applicant tests before the JBBA Promotion Board.)
Godan can promote no higher than Sandan (With approval after applicant tests before the JBBA Promotion Board.)
     Judoka seeking ranks of Yondan or higher are required to apply directly to the JBBA Promotion Board.




TIME IN GRADE AND SKIP PROMOTIONS
    TIME IN GRADE: Time in grade refers to the active time a judoka spends at a specific rank level. Being away from judo does not count as time in grade.  An example is if someone earns his Shodan, and then stops practicing or even being involved with the sport of judo, this person is not active and the time he is away from active participation in judo or judo activities does not count toward “time in grade” for his next promotion.  If a person can’t physically practice judo for some reason, but stays involved as a referee, helper at tournaments, coach or active supporter, then he is considered active.
    Time in grade is important for the development of the judoka.  It takes time and a lot of hard work during that time to mature, gain confidence and develop the technical ability to progress on to the next rank level.
    SKIP PROMOTIONS:  A “skip promotion” takes place when a judoka passes over of skips one or more ranks.  In other words, being promoted from Shodan to Sandan and skipping Nidan or being promoted from Nikyu to Shodan and skipping over Ikkyu.  Under no circumstances will skip promotions be allowed or used.


SHODAN (1st Grade Black Belt)
    Earning a black belt in judo is similar to graduating from a good college or university.  One has a sound knowledge and understanding of the fundamental skills and can perform them in a functional, realistic way.  This Shodan Syllabus is designed so that the person who earns the rank of Shodan has a solid foundation and can further his skills and abilities in judo.  Shodan means “Initial Grade or Step” and this syllabus reflects that.  It normally takes anywhere from 4 (at a minimum) to 6 years of hard work to achieve the rank of Shodan. When earning the rank of Shodan, one is a “Yudansha” or “graded” judoka and is entitled to wear the black belt. Anyone who has not achieved the rank of Shodan is considered a “Mudansha” or “ungraded” judoka.  As stated before, one should consider earning the Shodan as the same as graduating from high school, and as such, it’s now time to go to college. In a judo or jujitsu sense, advancing through the black belt ranks is equivalent to advancing one’s education in a college or university.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHODAN
1-APPLICANT MUST BE A MINIMUM AGE OF 16 YEARS OLD.
2-APPLICANT MUST BE AN ACTIVE MEMBER IN GOOD STANDING WITH THE WELCOME MAT JUDO AND JUJITSU CLUB.
3-APPLICANT MUST HAVE EXCELLENT ATTENDANCE IN ALL CLASSES, WORKOUTS, CLINICS AND SEMINARS IS REQUIRED.
4-APPLICANT MUST HAVE A FUNCTIONAL, WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE JAPANESE TERMINOLOGY USED IN JUDO.
5-APPLICANT MUST HAVE A WORKING, FUNCTIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE HISTORY OF KODOKAN JUDO.
6-APPLICANT MUST BE CURRENTLY CERTIFIED OR ACCREDITED IN CPR WITH A VALID, RECOGNIZED AGENCY.
7-APPLICANT MUST HAVE A MINIMUM TIME IN GRADE AS IKKYU OF ONE (1) YEAR. (THIS IS A MINIMUM-NOT STANDARD TIME IN GRADE.)
8-APPLICANT MUST ASSIST A SENIOR COACH IN TEACHING OR COACHING DUTIES.
9-APPLICANT MUST DEMONSTRATE SKILLFUL JUDO IN BOTH STANDING AND GROUNDFIGHTING DURING RANDORI.
10-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN A MINIMUM OF TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS OR WIN THE PROMOTION BY BATSUGAN (SEE EXPLANATION BELOW).
11-IF THE APPLICANT IS NOT A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST HAVE ACTIVELY TRAINED AS A JUDO REFEREE AND HAVE EARNED A REFEREE’S ACCREDITATION IN THE AMATEUR ATHLETIC UNION (AAU) OR OTHER VALID ORGANIZATION-OR (SEE #12).
12-IF APPLICANT IS NOT A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST ALSO EARN A SHODAN IN SHINGITAI JUJITSU, SO THAT HE QUALIFIES TO BE A SHODAN IN BOTH JUDO AND SHINGITAI JUJITSU.
13-APPLICANT MUST BE A CURRENT MEMBER OFAAU AND PASS THE AAU BACKGROUND CHECK.

PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS SINCE HIS LAST PROMOTION TO IKKYU. PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN). 
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN).
TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned1 years time in grade as Ikkyu
7 promotion points earned2 years time in grade as Ikkyu
5 promotion points earned3 years time in grade as Ikkyu
3 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Ikkyu
2 or less promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Ikkyu

KATA
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest.






IMPORTANT:  BASED ON A SCALE OF 1 (BEING THE LOWEST) UP TO AND INCLUDING 10 (BEING THE BEST), THE APPLICANT MUST DEMONSTRATE A SKILL LEVEL OF AT LEAST A “7.”  THIS IS IF THE APPLICANT IS TAKING A TEST AND BEING EXAMINED BY SENIOR COACHES FOR RANK PROMOTION, BUT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE APPLICANT TO DEMONSTRATE THIS LEVEL OF SKILL ON A REGULAR BASIS.




NAGE WAZA/THROWING TECHNIQUES
GOALS-EXCELLENT FUNCTIONAL SKILL AND UNDERSTANDING OF THROWING TECHNIQUES.
APPLICANT MUST DEMONSTRATE AND UNDERSTAND CONCEPT OF:
1-KUZUSHI/UNBALANCE
2-TSUKURI/FIT IN
3- KAKE/EXECUTE
4-KIME/FOLLOW-THROUGH/EFFECTIVE FINISH OR FOCUS
APPLICANT MUST HAVE A GOOD, FUNCTIONAL UNDERSTANDING AND ABILITY AT GRIP FIGHTING AND DEMONSTRATE EFFECTIVE, FUNCTIONAL AND REALISTIC GRIPPING SKILLS WHEN DEMONSTRATING THE FOLLOWING TECHNIQUES LISTED.
1-O SOTO GARI/MAJOR OUTER REAP
1A-O SOTO GARI/CROSS-BODY MAJOR OUTER REAP (ALSO CALLED O SOTO GAKE/MAJOR OUTER HOOK)
2-KOSHI GURUMA/HIP WHEEL
3-OGOSHI/MAJOR HIP THROW
3A-UKI GOSHI/FLOATING OR STRADDLING HIP THROW
4-TSURI GOSHI/PULLING HIP THROW
4A-TSURIKOMI GOSHI/LIFT-PULL HIP THROW
5-MOROTE GARI/BOTH HAND REAP
6-OKURI ASHI BARAI/SLIDING FOOT SWEEP 
6A-OKURI MOMO BARAI/SLIDING THIGH SWEEP
7-HARAI GOSHI/SWEEPING HIP THROW
8-SODE TSURIKOMI GOSHI/SLEEVE LIFT-PULL HIP THROW
9-SEOI NAGE/SHOULDER THROW
9A-IPPON SEOI NAGE (ONE ARM)
9B-MOROTE SEOI NAGE (BOTH HAND)
9C-ERI SEOI NAGE(LAPEL)
10-KNEE-DROP (SUWARI) SEOI NAGE OF APPLICANT’S CHOICE
10A-KNEE-DROP KOSHI GURUMA
10B-KNEE DROP OGOSHI
11-UCHI MATA/INNER THIGH THROW
12-HANE GOSHI/SPRINGING HIP THROW
13-TAI OTOSHI/BODY DROP
14-O UCHI GARI/MAJOR INNER REAP
15-KO UCHI GAKE/MINOR INNER HOOK OR KO UCHI GARI/MINOR INNER REAP (APPLICANT’S CHOICE)
16-DE ASHI BARAI/ADVANCING FOOT SWEEP
17-SOTO MAKIKOMI/OUTER WINDING THROW
18-KO SOTO GAKE/MINOR OUTER HOOK
19-TANI OTOSHI/VALLEY DROP OR KO SOTO GARI/MINOR OUTER REAP (APPLICANT’ S CHOICE)
20-ASHI DORI/LEG GRAB (CUBAN LEG GRAB)
21-URA NAGE/REAR THROW
22-ASHIKUBI DORI/ANKLE PICK
23-SASAE TSURIKOMI ASHI NAGE/PROPPING DRAWING FOOT THROW
23A-HIZA GURUMA/KNEE WHEEL
23B-HARAI TSURIKOMI ASHI/SWEEPING PROPPING DRAWING ANKLE THROW
24-TE GURUMA/HAND WHEEL
15-KATA GURUMA/SHOULDER WHEEL
26-TOMOE NAGE/CIRCLE THROW
26A-YOKO TOMOE NAGE/SIDE OR SPINNING CIRCLE THROW
27-SUMI GAESHI/CORNER COUNTER THROW
28- UKI OTOSHI/FLOATING DROP THROW
29-YOKO GAKE/SIDE HOOKING THROW 
30-YOKO GURUMA/SIDE WHEEL OR UKI WAZA/FLOATING TECHNIQUE (APPLICANT’S CHOICE)


RENRAKU WAZA/ CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION TECHNIQUES
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE A REALISTIC CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION OF ONE THROWING SKILL TO ANOTHER.
1-DEMONSTRATE A FOOT THROW TO ANY OTHER THROW.
2-DEMONSTRATE A FORWARD THROW TO ANY OTHER THROW.

RENRAKU WAZA/ CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION TRANSITION FROM STANDING TO GROUNDFIGHTING TECHNIQUES
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE REALISTIC TRANSITION FROM A THROW TO GROUNDFIGHTING.
1-DEMONSTRATE ANY FORWARD THROW TO ANY OSAEKOMI WAZA.
2-DEMONSTRATE ANY FORWARD THROW TO JUJI GATAME.
3-DEMONSTRATE ANY REAR THROW OR FOOT SWEEP TO ANY OSAEKOMI WAZA.
4-DEMONSTRATE ANY REAR THROW OR FOOT SWEEP TO JUJI GATAME.
5-DEMONSTRATE APPLICANT’S FAVORITE THROW TO ANY GROUNDFIGHTING TECHNIQUE.

RENRAKU WAZA/CONTINUATION OR COMBINATION TECHNIQUES FROM ONE GROUNDFIGHTING SKILL TO ANOTHER GROUNDFIGHTING SKILL
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO LINK ONE GROUNDFIGHTING SKILL TO ANOTHER, KEEPING CONTROL OF OPPONENT.
1-DEMONSTRATE MUNE GATAME TO ANY OTHER OSAEKOMI WAZA.
2-DEMONSTRATE ANY OSAE WAZA TO ANY OTHER OSAEKOMI WAZA.
3-DEMONSTRATE A REALISTIC AND FUNCTIONAL CONTINUATION OF 3 OR MORE OSAE WAZA.
4-DEMONSTRATE ANY OSAE WAZA TO ANY KANSETSU WAZA (PIN TO ARMLOCK).
4-DEMONSTRATE ANY KANSETSU WAZA TO ANY OSAE WAZA (ARMLOCK TO PIN).
5-DEMONSTRATE ANY OSAE WAZA TO ANY SHIME WAZA (PIN TO CHOKE).
6-DEMONSTRATE ANY SHIME WAZA TO ANY OSAE WAZA (CHOKE TO PIN).
7-DEMONSTRATE ANY KANSETSU WAZA TO ANY SHIME WAZA (ARMLOCK TO CHOKE).
8-DEMONSTRATE ANY SHIME WAZA TO ANY KANSETSU WAZA (CHOKE TO ARMLOCK).
9-DEMONSTRATE AT LEAST 2 DIFFERENT LEVERS TO PRY OPPONENT’ S ARM FREE TO APPLY JUJI GATAME FROM THE LEG PRESS POSITION.

FUSEGI/DEFENSE AND KAESHI WAZA/COUNTER TECHNIQUES
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE REALISTIC DEFENSIVE SKILLS AND COUNTER ATTACKS.
1-DEMONSTRATE HIP BLOCK AND CUT-AWAY AGAINST ANY THROW.
2-DEMONSTRATE HOP-AROUND DEFENSE AGAINST ANY THROW.
3-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO CUT AGAINST THE GRAIN AGAINST A FORWARD THROW.
4-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO SPRAWL AGAINST A MOROTE GARI OR FRONT LEG ATTACK.
5-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO BLOCK FORWARD THROW AND COUNTER WITH AN URA NAGE (BUCK).
6-DEMONSTRATE “SUKASHI” AVOIDANCE OF A FORWARD THROW AND COUNTER ATTACK.

NOGARE KATA/ESCAPE TECHNIQUES FOR GROUNDFIGHTING
GOAL-DEMONSTRATE FUNCTIONAL AND REALISTIC ESCAPES FOR GROUNDFIGHTING.
1-DEMONSTRATE BRIDGE AND ROLL ESCAPE FROM KESA GATAME.
2-DEMONSTRATE SHRIMP ESCAPE FROM OPPONENT AT SIDE (AS IN YOKO SHIHO GATAME OR MUNE GATAME).
3-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO “STEAL” YOUR SHOULDER BACK AGAINST JUJI GATAME AND IN THE LEG PRESS.
4-DEMONSTRATE BRIDGE AND KICK-OVER ESCAPE FROM JUJI GATAME.
5-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND YOUR NECK AGAINST ANY REAR CHOKE WITH OPPONENT USING YOUR LAPEL OR LAPELS.
6-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND YOUR NECK AGAINST ANY REAR NAKED CHOKE.
7-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST ANY FRONT LAPEL CHOKE.
8-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST SANKAKU GATAME WHEN ATTACKER HAS YOU IN HIS GUARD.
9-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST SANKAKU GATAME WHEN YOU ARE ON ALL FOURS AND ATTACKER IS AT YOUR HEAD AND SHOULDERS.

NEWAZA/GROUNDFIGHTING POSITION, BREAKDOWNS, SET-UPS AND RIDES
GOALS-STUDENT MUST POSSESS EXCELLENT FUNCTIONAL ABILITY AT CONTROLLING OPPONENT’S POSITION AND ABLE TO USE RIDES, BREAKDOWNS AND OTHER SET UPS TO APPLY PINS OR SUBMISSION TECHNIQUES. DEMONSTRATE EXCELLENT ABILITY AT LEG WRESTLING AND HAND WRESTLING AND HOW THESE SKILLS CONTROL AN OPPONENT.  EFFECTIVE JUDO (IN THIS CASE, GROUNDFIGHTING) IS A SERIES OF CONTROLLING POSITIONS THAT ULTIMATELY LEADS TO DEFEATING HIM.
IMPORTANT- (WHEN DEMONSTRATING ALL BREAKDOWNS, GUARD PASSES OR GUARD SWEEPS, APPLICANT MUST IMMEDIATELY AND EFFECTIVELY MOVE INTO ANY PIN, CHOKE OR ARMLOCK OF HIS CHOICE.)
FAR ARM NEAR LEG BREAKDOWN
BELT AND NELSON BREAKDOWN (KNEES)
JUDO STACK
FRONT 2-LEG BREAKDOWN
BELT AND NELSON BREAKDOWN (FLAT)
JUDO/SAMBO SWITCH
HIP WHEEL BREAKDOWN
PETERSON ROLL
SODEN ROLL
BURNS BREAKDOWN
BOTH HAND BELT LIFT TO CHOKE WHEN UKE IS FLAT ON HIS FRONT
RODEO RIDE (FROM TOP POSITION AND SEATED RODEO RIDE)
WRESTLER’S RIDE (DEMONSTRATE HOW TO USE A RIDE TO ESTABLISH A POSITION, AND THEN MOVE TO ANOTHER CONTROL POSITION OR BREAKDOWN.)
NEAR WRIST RIDE
LEG PRESS POSITION
SPIN AND PIN
SPIN AND STRETCH (TO ARMLOCK)

YOU ARE IN OMOTE (GUARD) POSITION-GUARD SWEEPS OR ROLLOVERS
OMOTE (CLOSED GUARD) POSITION
KNEE PUSH ROLLOVER
ELEVATOR ROLLOVER
UNDERHOOK AND ROLLOVER
BELT LINE DEFENSE AND ROLLOVER
CROSS-GRIP/BELT GRAB ROLLOVER
SAYLOR OVERHOOK ROLLOVER
UNDERHOOK LEG AND ROLLOVER
1-ARM OVERREACH ROLLOVER
BOTTOM TO TOP ROLLOVER
BOTH KNEES PUSH FROM OMOTE
BOTH KNEES PUSH AND ROLLOVER
1-LEG TOMOE NAGE ROLLOVER
2-LEG TOMOE NAGE ROLLOVER
BOTH KNEES JAM ELEVATOR ROLLOVER
BOTH ANKLE HOOK/LEG PUSH

IF OPPONENT HAS YOU IN OMOTE (GUARD) POSITION-GUARD PASSES
IMPORTANT SKILL-ALWAYS STAY BELOW OPPONENT’S BELT LIKE OR HIPS UNTIL READY TO PASS.
CROSS UKE’S LEG PASS
TRAP USE’S LEG PASS
BOTH KNEES TOGETHER PASS
THROW AWAY LEGS PASS
WORK UP LEGS PASS
TRAP LEG/TRAP ANKLE PASS
BELT LIFT AND ROLLOVER PASS
SHUCK LEG PASS
BELT GRIP/CROTCH PRESSURE PASS
DEMONSTRATE HOW TO “POSTURE UP.”

KANSETSU WAZA/JOINT OR ARMLOCK TECHNIQUES
GOALS-ABILITY OF APPLICANT TO PERFORM ARMLOCKS IN A FUNCTIONAL WAY.  HAVE EXCELLENT SKILLS AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLLS AND SET UPS FOR A VARIETY OF ARMLOCKS.  BE ABLE TO PERFORM GOOD SKILL AT ARMLOCK DEFENSES.  EXCELLENT SKILL AT LEVERS AND PRYING ARM FREE TO APPLY JUJI GATAME.
JUJI GATAME/CROSS-BODY ARMLOCK 
1-SPINNING JUJI GATAME
2-BACK ROLL JUJI GATAME
3-HIP ROLL JUJI GATAME
4-HEAD ROLL JUJI GATAME
5-DEMONSTRATE A MINIMUM OF THREE (3) OTHER BREAKDOWNS OR SET-UPS INTO JUJI GATAME.
UDE GARAMI/ARM ENTANGLEMENT (BENT ARMLOCK)
1-BASIC FROM TOP IN THE “UP” POSITION.
2-BASIC FROM TOP IN THE “DOWN” POSITION.
3-FROM THE BOTTOM (GUARD) POSITION.
WAKI GATAME/ARMPIT LOCK
1-BASIC FROM THE FRONT.
2-BASIC FROM THE WRESTLER’S RIDE (BACK).
UDE GATAME/ARM LOCK (STRAIGHT ARMLOCK)
1-DEMONSTRATE THE BASIC FIGURE-4 VARIATION.
2-DEMONSTRATE THE BASIC BOTH HANDS ON ELBOWS VARIATION.
3-DEMONSTRATE HOW TO APPLY UDE GATAME WHEN HOLDING OPPONENT IN KESA GATAME.



OSAEKOMI WAZA/IMMOBILIZATION (PINNING) TECHNIQUES
GOALS-HAVE FUNCTIONAL SKILL AND UNDERSTANDING OF HOW TO HOLD OPPONENT TO THE MAT. BODY POSITION, WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION AND ABILITY TO MAINTAIN A GOOD BASE ARE IMPORTANT.
1-MUNE GATAME/CHEST HOLD (AND VARIATION)
2-KESA GATAME/SCARF HOLD (AND VARIATION)
3-KATA GATAME/SHOULDER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
4-YOKOSHIHO GATAME/SIDE 4-CORNER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
5-KAMISHIHO GATAME/UPPER 4-CORNER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
6-TATESHIHO GATAME/VERTICAL 4-CORNER HOLD (AND VARIATION)
7-UKI GATAME/STRADDLE HOLD
8-SANKAKU GATAME/TRIANGLE PIN

SHIME WAZA/STRANGLING AND CHOKING TECHNIQUES AND NECK CRANKS  (*DENOTES FOR JUJITSU)
GOAL-HAVE FUNCTIONAL SKILL IN STRANGLES AND CHOKES, KNOW THE IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY WHEN USING CHOKES AND ABILITY TO USE POSITION TO SET UP THE STRANGLE OR CHOKE. 
IMPORTANT SKILLS: 1-ESTABLISH A CONTROLLING POSITION AND LOWER BODY CONTROL BEFORE CHOKING OPPONENT.
1-HADAKA JIME/NAKED CHOKE (SQUARE GRIP)
2-HADAKA JIME/FIGURE 4 VERSION NAKED STRANGLE
3-OMOTE HADAKA JIME/FRONT NAKED CHOKE (GUILLOTINE)
4-JUJI JIME/CROSS CHOKE FROM BOTTOM
5-JUJI JIME/CROSS CHOKE FROM TOP
ON THE JUJI JIME SERIES, APPLICANT MUST ALSO DEMONSTRATE THE 3 BASIC HAND POSITIONS FOR APPLYING THE STRANGLE. 1-NAMI (NORMAL) POSITION. 2-GYAKU (REVERSE) POSITION. 3-KATA (HALF AND HALF OR CROSSED) POSITION.
6-OKURI ERI JIME/SLIDING LAPEL CHOKE
7-KATA HA JIME/SINGLE WING CHOKE  (BASIC APPLICATION)
8-ROLLING KATA HA JIME (OPPONENT ON ALL FOURS)
9-KATA JIME/SHOULDER CHOKE (ARM TRIANGLE) CHOKE
10-SANKAKU JIME (OMOTE)/TRIANGLE CHOKE (FROM FRONT OFF BUTTOCKS)
11-SANKAKU JIME/TRIANGLE CHOKE (FROM TOP WITH OPPONENT ON ALL FOURS OR FLAT)
12-WANA JIME/TRAP (BASEBALL) CHOKE FROM BOTTOM OR GUARD POSITION
13-WANA JIME/TRAP CHOKE (STANDING APPLICATION)
14-JIGOKU JIME/HELL STRANGLE FROM ANY POSITION APPLICANT CHOOSES.

KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata.
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE NAGE NO KATA (FORM OF THROWING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON APPLICANT’S FAVORITE SIDE (RIGHT OR LEFT) AT THE DISCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest.



NIDAN (2nd Grade Black Belt)
    The rank of Nidan is an extension of Shodan and the judoka is expected to continue his progress and refine the fundamental skills he has learned for Shodan.  Time in grade is important as the judoka matures and continues in his study of judo.  This is a time when the judoka also “makes his judo work for him” and applies the basic skills so that they best suit his strength, size and any other factors.  This is also a time when the judoka assists a senior coach or starts teaching on his own so that he has a better understanding of as many aspects of judo as possible. The student is required to attend as many Welcome Mat clinics, seminars, workshops and classes as possible to improve his skill level. The student is also required to go through coach education and become accredited or certified as an AAU Judo Coach (this applies to everyone, including competitive judo athletes).
     There are few additional technical requirements for Nidan other than the fact that the judoka must progress in the quality of his technical skills and understanding of judo. If the judoka’s technical skill was a “7” on a scale of 1 to 10 (with 10 as the best), then he should improve it to as close to “10” as possible to be a Nidan. The judoka is expected to broaden his functional knowledge base as much as possible.  It’s best to have the judoka work under the supervision of a senior coach so his skill level can be better assessed and suggestions on individual improvement can be made. The minimum age requirement for Nidan is 18 years of age. Time in grade is a minimum of 2 years and more often, it’s anywhere from 2 to 6 years.  The student must also be current in his CPR certification and he is expected to continue to improve as a judo referee.

PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN). 
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE NIDAN).
4-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS A CERTIFIED AAU JUDO COACH.
5-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS AN ACCREDITED AAU JUDO REFEREE.

TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned2 years time in grade as Shodan
7 promotion points earned3 years time in grade as Shodan
5 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Shodan
3 promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Shodan
2 or less promotion points earned6 years time in grade as Shodan

KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata.
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE NAGE NO KATA (FORM OF THROWING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON BOTH RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES AT THE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest.


SANDAN (3rd Grade Black Belt)
    The rank of Sandan is considered a high rank, and as such, the judoka must possess an excellent skill level and participate fully in JBBA or AAU activities, clinics, tournaments and other events. In addition to fulfilling the requirements for Shodan and Nidan, the judoka must meet the following general requirements.
1-Minimum age requirement is 21 years old.
2-Applicant must be a certified AAU Judo Coach and possess a current CPR certification from a recognized agency.
3-Minimum time in grade from Nidan to Sandan is three (3) years. Normal time in grade is 3 to 7 years.
4-Applicant must be an accredited AAU Judo Referee and actively referee in local and regional judo AAU tournaments.
5-Applicants for the rank of Yondan must apply directly to the JBBA Promotion Board with the approval of the applicant’s coach.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
1-Applicant must demonstrate all the skills required for Shodan with excellent skill (on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the best, the applicant should demonstrate skill at the “10” level).
2-Throwing Techniques; applicant must demonstrate all the techniques from the Gokyo No Waza as used before 1982 (40 throwing techniques).
3-Groundfighting Techniques; applicant must demonstrate an advanced knowledge of osaekomi waza, shime waza and kansetsu waza that is different from that listed on the Shodan Syllabus.

PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS SINCE HIS LAST PROMOTION TO NIDAN. PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN). 
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SANDAN).
4-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS A CERTIFIED AAU JUDO COACH.
5-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS AN ACCREDITED AAU JUDO REFEREE.


TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned3 years time in grade as Nidan
7 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Nidan
5 promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Nidan
3 promotion points earned6 years time in grade as Nidan
2 or less promotion points earned7 years time in grade as Nidan

KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata.
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE KATAME NO KATA (FORM OF GRAPPLING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON TORI’S
FAVORITE SIDE (RIGHT OR LEFT) AT THE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest.



YONDAN (4th Grade Black Belt)
    The rank of Yondan is considered a senior rank and the person who applies for this level must possess excellent personal skill and unquestionable ethical behavior.  General requirements for this rank are.
1-Minimum age requirement is 26 years old.
2-Applicant must be a certified AAU Judo Coach and possess a current CPR certification from a recognized agency.
3-Minimum time in grade from Sandan to Yondan is four (4) years. Normal time in grade is 4 to 8 years.
4-Applicant must be an accredited AAU Judo Referee and actively referee in local, regional and national AAU judo tournaments.
5-Applicants for the rank of Yondan must apply directly to the JBBA Promotion Board with the approval of the applicant’s coach.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
1-Applicant must demonstrate all the skills required for Shodan with excellent skill (on a scale of 1 to 10 with 10 being the best, the applicant should demonstrate skill at the “10” level).
2-Throwing Techniques; applicant must demonstrate all the techniques from the revised Gokyo No Waza as used after 1982 (65 throwing techniques).
3-Groundfighting Techniques; applicant must demonstrate an advanced knowledge of osaekomi waza, shime waza and kansetsu waza that is different from that listed on the Shodan Syllabus.

PROMOTION POINTS AND BATSUGAN (FIELD PROMOTION)
1-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE, HE MUST EARN TEN (10) PROMOTION POINTS SINCE HIS LAST PROMOTION TO SANDAN. PROMOTION POINTS ARE EARNED IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:
2 POINTS-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF HIGHER RANK.
1 POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF EQUAL RANK.
½ POINT-FOR DEFEATING AN OPPONENT OF NO MORE THAN TWO (2) RANKS LOWER THAN APPLICANT.
2-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 5 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT BY IPPON VICTORIES (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE SHODAN). 
3-IF APPLICANT IS A COMPETITIVE ATHLETE AND DEFEATS 7 OPPONENTS OF EQUAL OR HIGHER BELT RANK IN THE SAME TOURNAMENT (INJURIES OR KIKEN GACHI AND OPPONENTS WHO HAVE WITHDRAWN OR FUSEN GACHI DO NOT COUNT), HE WILL BE PROMOTED BY BATSUGAN TO THE NEXT RANK (IN THIS CASE YONDAN).
4-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS A CERTIFIED AAU  JUDO COACH.
5-ONE (1) POINT FOR EACH YEAR APPLICANT IS AN ACCREDITED AAU JUDO REFEREE.


TIME IN GRADE SCALE
10 promotion points earned4 years time in grade as Sandan
7 promotion points earned5 years time in grade as Sandan
5 promotion points earned6 years time in grade as Sandan
3 promotion points earned7 years time in grade as Sandan
2 or less promotion points earned8 years time in grade as Sandan

KATA/DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNIQUE
Goal-Demonstrate functional skill in selected Kodokan Judo Kata.
DEMONSTRATE ENTIRE KATAME NO KATA (FORM OF GRAPPLING) AS TORI PERFORMING TECHNIQUES ON BOTH RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES AT THE DESCRETION OF THE PROMOTION BOARD.
    Kata is structured learning.  It is considered a form of training in the same way randori (free practice) and shiai (contest) are. If an applicant is a “non-competitor” and has less than 2 promotion points, the demonstration of kata may substitute for promotion points earned in contest.




GODAN (5th Grade Black Belt)
    Promotions of Godan or higher will be submitted to the JBBA Promotion Board for approval.




 
     






    The Welcome Mat Judo Black Belt Association is an independent yudanshakai (black belt association) serving the needs of the members of the many Welcome Mat club locations.
 
    Welcome Mat is more than a judo or jujitsu club, although it meets the needs as a club for the many people who are affiliated with it by offering high-quality coaching. Welcome Mat has existed since Sept. 3, 1969 with thousands of people studying judo, jujitsu and sambo through the years. 
 
    The Welcome Mat Judo Black Belt Association (JBBA) was formed to provide fair, inexpensive and objective criteria for rank promotions for Welcome Mat members.  The JBBA's sandards for rank meet and often exceed the standards of other national and international judo organizations.
Welcome Mat Judo Black Belt Association Board of Examiners
 
Steve Scott, Chairman
Becky Scott
Ken Brink
Sondra Harrelson
Kirk Quinones
Mark Lozano
Kelvin Knisely
Bob Rittman
WELCOME MAT JUDO JUJITSU SAMBO